Reference ranges for two-dimensional echocardiographic examination of the fetal ductus arteriosus.

@article{Mielke2000ReferenceRF,
  title={Reference ranges for two-dimensional echocardiographic examination of the fetal ductus arteriosus.},
  author={Gunther Mielke and Norbert Benda},
  journal={Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology},
  year={2000},
  volume={15 3},
  pages={219-25}
}
OBJECTIVES To establish reference ranges for 2D-echocardiographic examination of the fetal ductus arteriosus and its relationship to the main pulmonary artery and the aorta. METHODS A prospective cross-sectional echocardiographic study was performed in 222 normal fetuses from 13 to 41 weeks of gestation using high resolution/color Doppler ultrasound equipment. RESULTS Gestational age-specific reference ranges are given for the diameter of the pulmonary valve anulus, diameter of the ductus… CONTINUE READING