Referee Bias

  title={Referee Bias},
  author={Thomas Dohmen and Jan Sauermann},
  journal={ERN: Other Econometrics: Econometric \& Statistical Methods (Topic)},
  • Thomas Dohmen, J. Sauermann
  • Published 1 September 2016
  • Education
  • ERN: Other Econometrics: Econometric & Statistical Methods (Topic)
This paper surveys the empirical literature on the behavior of referees in professional football and other sports. Referees are typically appointed by a principal to be impartial, especially when unbiased referee judgment is vital for the accomplishment of the principal's objective. Answering whether referees make biased decisions and understanding the causes that lead referees to digress from their principal duty of impartiality is therefore fundamental from a theoretical point of view. At the… 
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