Reemerging H5N1 influenza viruses in Hong Kong in 2002 are highly pathogenic to ducks.

@article{SturmRamirez2004ReemergingHI,
  title={Reemerging H5N1 influenza viruses in Hong Kong in 2002 are highly pathogenic to ducks.},
  author={Katharine M. Sturm-Ramirez and Trevor R. Ellis and Barry Bousfield and Lucy A Bissett and Kitman C. Dyrting and Jerold E. Rehg and Leo L.L.M. Poon and Yi Guan and Malik Peiris and Robert G Webster},
  journal={Journal of virology},
  year={2004},
  volume={78 9},
  pages={
          4892-901
        }
}
Waterfowl are the natural reservoir of all influenza A viruses, which are usually nonpathogenic in wild aquatic birds. However, in late 2002, outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus caused deaths among wild migratory birds and resident waterfowl, including ducks, in two Hong Kong parks. In February 2003, an avian H5N1 virus closely related to one of these viruses was isolated from two humans with acute respiratory distress, one of whom died. Antigenic analysis of the new avian… CONTINUE READING

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