Reduction of vanadium(V) by Enterobacter cloacae EV-SA01 isolated from a South African deep gold mine

@article{Marwijk2009ReductionOV,
  title={Reduction of vanadium(V) by Enterobacter cloacae EV-SA01 isolated from a South African deep gold mine},
  author={Jacqueline van Marwijk and Diederik J Opperman and Lizelle Ann Piater and Esta van Heerden},
  journal={Biotechnology Letters},
  year={2009},
  volume={31},
  pages={845-849}
}
Dissimilatory reduction of vanadium(V) by Enterobacter cloacae EV-SA01, isolated from a gold mine at 1.6 km below surface, is shown to occur anaerobically as well as aerobically. Growth rates were unaffected by up to 2 mM V2O5. Reduction of vanadium(V) was growth phase-dependent and resulted in cell deformities and precipitation of the vanadium in its lower oxidation states. The vanadate reductase activity was membrane-associated and coupled the oxidation of NADH to the reduction of vanadate. 

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