• Corpus ID: 54951716

Reduction of Wind and Swell Waves by Mangroves

  title={Reduction of Wind and Swell Waves by Mangroves},
  author={Anna L. McIvor and Iris M{\"o}ller and Tom Spencer and Mark D. Spalding},
Coastal populations are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of extreme events such as storms and hurricanes, and these pressures may be exacerbated through the influence of climate change and sea level rise. Coastal ecosystems such as mangrove forests are increasingly being promoted and used as a tool in coastal defence strategies. There remains, however, a pressing need to better understand the roles that ecosystems can play in defending coasts. This report focuses on mangrove forests and… 

Mangroves as a sustainable coastal defence

Mangroves effectively reduce the height of wind and swell waves over short distances (less than 500 m), and can reduce storm surge water levels over greater distances (several kilometres of

Storm surge reduction by mangroves

Storm surges occur when high winds and low atmospheric pressure raise water levels at the coast, causing sea water to surge onto the land. They are a major threat to low-lying coastal areas and their

Quantifying the protective capacity of mangroves from storm surges in coastal Bangladesh

Estimating reduction in storm surge height and water flow velocity from mangroves at selected sites in cyclone-prone, coastal Bangladesh suggests that healthy mangrove can contribute to significant savings in rehabilitation and maintenance costs by protecting embankments from breaching, toe-erosion, and other damage.

Mangroves As Coastal Bio-Shield: A Review of Mangroves Performance in Wave Attenuation

Mangroves have been recognized as soft structures that provide coastline protection. The capability of dampening waves helps minimize destruction from catastrophic events including erosive wave

Mangroves as a protection from storm surges in a changing climate

This paper quantifies coastal protection services of mangroves for 42 developing countries in the current climate, and a future climate change scenario with a 1-m SLR and 10  % intensification of storms to demonstrate that whileSLR and increased storm intensity would increase storm surge areas, the greatest impact is from the expected loss ofMangroves.

The response of mangrove soil surface elevation to sea level rise

Coastal ecosystems such as mangroves can reduce risk to people and infrastructure from wave damage and flooding. The continued provision of these coastal defence services by mangroves is dependent on

Role of mangroves in wind-wave climate modeling – A review

Globally, there has been dedicated research on mangrove ecosystems, however, the modeling of wave-mangrove interaction is seldom considered in the operational wave prediction for vegetated



Wave dissipation by vegetation

Flooding resulting from hurricanes and other extreme storm events is a prominent risk along the coasts. These coastal areas are typically of low elevation and relief,making land and infrastructure

Surface Wave Attenuation in Mangrove Forests

Mangroves are a unique form of vegetation that exist at the boundary of two distinct environments and receive nutrients from terrestrial and marine sources. During tropical cyclone episodes mangrove

The role of mangroves in attenuating storm surges

Wave attenuation in Mangrove forests

Mangrove forests cover large parts of the tropical and subtropical shorelines and grow in the inter-tidal zone. Mangrove forests act as a natural coastal protection. The most important features of

Water level observations in mangrove swamps during two hurricanes in Florida

Little is known about the effectiveness of mangroves in suppressing water level heights during landfall of tropical storms and hurricanes. Recent hurricane strikes along the Gulf Coast of the United

Protective capacity of mangroves during tropical storms: a case study from Wilma and Gamma in Belize

Globally threatened mangrove forest habitat is often considered an important buffer protecting coastlines from wave and storm impacts and coastal erosion. However, there is little empirical data

Surface wave propagation in mangrove forests

Wave attenuation in coastal mangroves in the Red River Delta, Vietnam

Interaction Between Water Waves and Vegetation

The presence of densely growing vegetation has been observed to result in wave damping and shoreline sediment deposition. Submerged or flooded vegetation, seaweed stands, reed stands and mangrove

Wave reduction in a mangrove forest dominated by Sonneratia sp.

Based on a field observation at the Vinh Quang coast in northern Vietnam, the characteristics of wave reduction due to the drag force of one mangrove species, Sonneratia sp., were quantitatively