Reduction in sensitivity to Cl- channel blockers by HCO3- -CO2 in rabbit cortical collecting duct.

Abstract

We examined the ability of HCO3- -CO2 to modify the potency of Cl- channel blockers in the renal cortical collecting duct (CCD) for the following two reasons. 1) From a practical point of view, there is, to our knowledge, no information regarding the effect of the HCO3- -CO2 buffer system on the potency of Cl- channel blockers. 2) We showed in the companion manuscript [Am. J. Physiol. 257 (Cell Physiol. 26): C94-C101, 1989] that HCO3- -CO2 stimulates transepithelial anion exchange in the CCD. Based on precedent in the literature, we postulated that HCO3- stimulates the basolateral membrane Cl- conductance. Here, we demonstrate that several Cl- channel blockers can reduce CCD Cl- self exchange when the solutions are buffered in N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid (HEPES). Concentrations of blockers producing 80% inhibition in HEPES, pH 7.4, produced only 20% inhibition in 25 mM HCO3- -CO2, pH 7.4. The ability of HCO3- -CO2 to reduce blocker potency had an IC50 of only 2 mM. We also examined interactions of HCO3- -CO2 and blockers with regard to the principal cell basolateral Cl- conductance. Blockers did not alter the Rb+ flux, a marker of K+ transport, but did reduce transepithelial conductance (GT), i.e., the blockers inhibited the principal cell basolateral Cl- conductance. As was the case with intercalated cell anion exchange, GT measurements indicated that HCO3- -CO2 impaired the ability of Cl- channel blockers to inhibit the principal cell Cl- conductance.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Matsuzaki1989ReductionIS, title={Reduction in sensitivity to Cl- channel blockers by HCO3- -CO2 in rabbit cortical collecting duct.}, author={K Matsuzaki and Victor L. Schuster and John B. Stokes}, journal={The American journal of physiology}, year={1989}, volume={257 1 Pt 1}, pages={C102-9} }