Reduction in salivary cortisol level by music therapy during colonoscopic examination.

@article{Uedo2004ReductionIS,
  title={Reduction in salivary cortisol level by music therapy during colonoscopic examination.},
  author={Noriya Uedo and Hideki Ishikawa and K. Et Al. Morimoto and Ryoichi Ishihara and Hiroyuki Narahara and Ikuko Akedo and Tatsuya Ioka and Itaru Kaji and Sanae Fukuda},
  journal={Hepato-gastroenterology},
  year={2004},
  volume={51 56},
  pages={
          451-3
        }
}
BACKGROUND/AIMS Premedication for endoscopy promotes patient cooperation and makes subsequent examinations more acceptable. Music therapy is widely used in the treatment of acute and chronic pain. Therefore, we investigated the effects of music therapy on pain and on salivary cortisol levels in patients undergoing screening colonoscopy. METHODOLOGY The subjects were 29 consecutive patients undergoing colonoscopy for various reasons. Patients were randomly assigned to undergo colonoscopy while… CONTINUE READING
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