Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers

  title={Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers},
  author={J. Poore and Thomas Nemecek},
  pages={987 - 992}
The global impacts of food production Food is produced and processed by millions of farmers and intermediaries globally, with substantial associated environmental costs. Given the heterogeneity of producers, what is the best way to reduce food's environmental impacts? Poore and Nemecek consolidated data on the multiple environmental impacts of ∼38,000 farms producing 40 different agricultural goods around the world in a meta-analysis comparing various types of food production systems. The… 
Environmental impacts of animal-based food supply chains with market characteristics.
The results show that eco-efficiency information of animal-based foods should include the full supply chain, and the effective mitigation strategy to achieve the greatest reduction should not only consider the impacts on-farm, but also detail of the downstream impacts, such as food distribution network and consumption patterns.
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We Should Focus on Food Consumption to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Agriculture
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Does scientific interest in the nature impacts of food align with consumer information-seeking behavior?
Global food supply has substantial impacts on nature including environmental degradation from chemicals, greenhouse gas emissions and biodiversity loss through agricultural land conversion. Over the
Calculation of external climate costs for food highlights inadequate pricing of animal products
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Food loss and waste are associated with an unnecessary consumption of natural resources and avoidable greenhouse gas emissions. The United Nations have thus set the reduction of food loss and waste
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Improving food sustainability and reducing food waste are among the top challenges for achieving global sustainable development. In particular, changes towards more sustainable consumption are of


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It is found that a relatively small set of places and actions could provide enough new calories to meet the basic needs for more than 3 billion people, address many environmental impacts with global consequences, and focus food waste reduction on the commodities with the greatest impact on food security.
Mitigation potential and global health impacts from emissions pricing of food commodities
The projected rise in food-related greenhouse gas emissions could seriously impede efforts to limit global warming to acceptable levels. Despite that, food production and consumption have long been
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Abstract This study uses life cycle assessment methodology to quantify the energy use, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and water use of processed tomato products grown, processed, and consumed within
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Global agricultural feeds over 7 billion people, but is also a leading cause of environmental degradation. Understanding how alternative agricultural production systems, agricultural input
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Differences in environmental impact among pork, chicken, and beef can be explained mainly by 3 factors: differences in feed efficiency, differences in enteric CH4 emission between monogastric animals and ruminants, and differences in reproduction rates.
Greenhouse gas emissions in the agricultural phase of wine production in the Maremma rural district in Tuscany, Italy
In recent years, there has been an increasing interest from retailers, industries and environmental associations in estimating the life cycle of greenhouse gases emitted in the atmosphere from
Environmental impacts of water use in global crop production: hotspots and trade-offs with land use.
This work calculates the specific water consumption and land use for the production of 160 crops and crop groups, covering most harvested mass on global cropland, and quantifies indicators for land and water scarcity with high geospatial resolution.
Responding to climate change and the global land crisis: REDD+, market transformation and low-emissions rural development
To achieve scale, the principles of REDD+ and sustainable farming systems must be embedded in domestic low-emission rural development models capable of garnering support across multiple constituencies, and are illustrated with the case of Mato Grosso State in the Brazilian Amazon.
The carbon footprint of exported Brazilian yellow melon
The carbon footprint of food has become important for producers worldwide as consumers and retail companies increasingly base their purchase decisions on carbon footprint labels. In this context, our