Reducing antimicrobial use in food animals

@article{Boeckel2017ReducingAU,
  title={Reducing antimicrobial use in food animals},
  author={T. V. Van Boeckel and Emma E. Glennon and D. Chen and M. Gilbert and T. Robinson and B. Grenfell and S. Levin and S. Bonhoeffer and R. Laxminarayan},
  journal={Science (New York, N.y.)},
  year={2017},
  volume={351},
  pages={1350 - 1352}
}
Consider user fees and regulatory caps on veterinary use The large and expanding use of antimicrobials in livestock, a consequence of growing global demand for animal protein, is of considerable concern in light of the threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Use of antimicrobials in animals has been linked to drug-resistant infections in animals (1) and humans (2). In September 2016, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly recognized the inappropriate use of antimicrobials in animals as a… Expand
Global Trends in Antimicrobial Use in Food Animals from 2017 to 2030
TLDR
The results show lower global antimicrobial sales in 2030 compared to previous estimates, owing to recent reports of decrease in antimicrobial use, in particular in China, the world’s largest consumer. Expand
Review on Antimicrobial Usage in Food Animals: Challenges in Ethiopia and its Future Perspectives
DOI: 10.21276/sjavs.2018.5.9.1 Abstract: Antimicrobials are used in livestock production to maintain health and productivity. Antimicrobial agents are used throughout the world, across a diverseExpand
Antimicrobial use in food animals and human health: time to implement ‘One Health’ approach
TLDR
Concerted and collaborative efforts among all the stakeholders are essential to deal with this complex problem of resistance. Expand
Excessive use of medically important antimicrobials in food animals in Pakistan: a five-year surveillance survey
TLDR
The findings suggest that the annual consumption of antimicrobials in the broiler sector in Pakistan could be as high as 568 tons, which is an alarmingly high consumption estimate. Expand
Global trends in antimicrobial use in aquaculture
TLDR
This analysis calls for a substantial scale-up of surveillance capacities to monitor global trends in antimicrobial use and highlights the urgent need for enhanced antimicrobial stewardship in a high-growth industry with broad links to water and ecosystem health. Expand
Data on antimicrobial use in livestock: Lessons from Uganda
TLDR
This work proposes to collect information on AMU in livestock by including related questions in nationally representative agricultural surveys that are carried out regularly by National Statistical Offices, and shows that AMU is considerable among livestock keeping households, who use antibiotics not only for curative treatment but also for disease prevention and growth promotion. Expand
Global trends in antimicrobial resistance in animals in low- and middle-income countries
TLDR
The current study provides a much-needed baseline model for low- and middle-income countries and provides a “one health” perspective to which future data can be added, and produces global maps of AMR in LMICs to give policy-makers—or a future international panel—a baseline for monitoring AMR levels in animals and target interventions in the regions most affected by the rise of resistance. Expand
Antimicrobial Use in Animals in Timor-Leste Based on Veterinary Antimicrobial Imports between 2016 and 2019
TLDR
The use of antimicrobials in animals in Timor-Leste is very low, in keeping with its predominantly subsistence agriculture system, and farmer education, development of treatment guidelines, and strengthening of the veterinary service are important for addressing the potential future misuse. Expand
The farm cost of decreasing antimicrobial use in dairy production
TLDR
The results suggest that the farm level costs of AMU prohibition in many cases might be minor, although the consequences of any policy instrument should be carefully evaluated to reach the ultimate goal of decreasing AMU without threatening the sustainability of milk production. Expand
Understanding policy dilemmas around antibiotic use in food animals & offering potential solutions
TLDR
This review highlights the existing global policies on antibiotics use in food animals along with details of the various Indian policies and guidelines and outlines the action points which need to be carried out urgently to regulate the antibiotic use in animals. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
Global trends in antimicrobial use in food animals
TLDR
The first global map (228 countries) of antibiotic consumption in livestock is presented and it is projected that antimicrobial consumption will rise by 67% by 2030, and nearly double in Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. Expand
The Economic Costs of Withdrawing Antimicrobial Growth Promoters from the Livestock Sector
TLDR
The growth response to AGPs appears to be small in optimised production systems, suggesting that the economic impacts of a ban on AGPs could be limited in high-income industrialized countries but potentially higher in lower income countries with less developed hygiene and production practices. Expand
The livestock reservoir for antimicrobial resistance: a personal view on changing patterns of risks, effects of interventions and the way forward
  • F. Aarestrup
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2015
TLDR
There is a need for global harmonized integrated and continuous surveillance of antimicrobial usage and antimicrobial resistance, preferably associated with data on production and animal diseases to determine the positive and negative impact of reducing antimicrobial use in livestock. Expand
Modelling the impact of curtailing antibiotic usage in food animals on antibiotic resistance in humans
TLDR
A simple mathematical model is developed for exploring the generic relationship between antibiotic consumption by food animals and levels of resistant bacterial infections in humans and it is found that reducing the rate of transmission of resistance from animals to humans may be more effective than an equivalent reduction in the consumption of antibiotics in food animals. Expand
Antimicrobial Usage in Chicken Production in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam
Antimicrobials are used extensively in chicken production in Vietnam, but to date no quantitative data are available. A 2012–2013 survey of 208 chicken farms in Tien Giang province, stratified byExpand
Learning from agriculture: understanding low-dose antimicrobials as drivers of resistome expansion
TLDR
This review focuses on agricultural antimicrobial use as a laboratory for understanding low-dose antimicrobials as drivers of resistome expansion, briefly summarizes current knowledge, highlights the importance of research specifically on environmental microbial ecosystems considering AMR as environmental pollution, and calls attention to the needs for longitudinal studies at the systems level. Expand
Raised Without Antibiotics: Lessons from Voluntary Labeling of Antibiotic Use Practices in the Broiler Industry
Voluntary labeling improves market efficiency if consumers receive the product characteristics they demand and producers are compensated for producing these characteristics. For this to occur, labelExpand
Antibiotic effectiveness: Balancing conservation against innovation
TLDR
This paper assesses the relative benefits and costs of conservation and innovation in making the best use of current antibiotic effectiveness. Expand
Quinolone and macrolide resistance in Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli: resistance mechanisms and trends in human isolates.
TLDR
Susceptibility data suggest that erythromycin and other macrolides should remain the drugs of choice in most regions, with systematic surveillance and control measures maintained, but fluoroquinolones may now be of limited use in the empiric treatment of Campylobacter infections in many regions. Expand
Associations between the use of antimicrobial agents for growth promotion and the occurrence of resistance among Enterococcus faecium from broilers and pigs in Denmark, Finland, and Norway.
TLDR
The use of antimicrobial agents for growth promotion in Denmark, Finland, and Norway have selected for resistance to most of these drugs among E. faecium in food animals. Expand
...
1
2
...