Reducing and Preventing Homelessness: A Review of the Evidence and Charting a Research Agenda

  title={Reducing and Preventing Homelessness: A Review of the Evidence and Charting a Research Agenda},
  author={William N. Evans and David C. Phillips and Krista Ruffini},
  journal={Randomized Social Experiments eJournal},
Homelessness may be both a cause of and one of the more extreme outcomes of poverty. Governments at all levels have a variety of tools to combat homelessness, and these strategies have changed dramatically over the past quarter century. In this paper, we catalog the policy responses, the existing literature on the effectiveness of these strategies, and the major gaps that need to be addressed in future research. We focus on studies from randomized controlled trial evaluations and the best quasi… 
Acting in the public interest: accounting for the vulnerable
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Los Angeles County's homeless population has increased by approximately 40 percent in the past five years. While county voters have supported the goal by approving billions of dollars in bonds that
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This study merged data from the 2015 Housing Inventory Count, a list of temporary housing programs serving homeless persons nationally, and the Internal Revenue Service Form 990 tax filings for non...
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It is shown that consumer data can measure housing stability for groups with very low income and extreme instability, and can track housing moves during natural disasters, at demolition of public housing, for households at high risk of homelessness, and during gentrification.
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Parenthood has profound effects on the lives of new parents. For low-SES individuals, who might lack resources to weather the disruptions caused by parenthood, non-labor market outcomes (e.g.,


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> > _ This paper discusses how researchers and others have analyzed the services histories of persons who have experienced homelessness, as well as their imputed costs. This research has been used
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It is demonstrated that the volatile nature of funding availability leads to good-as-random variation in the allocation of resources to individuals seeking assistance, and temporary financial assistance can be used successfully to prevent homelessness, is affordable, and helps individuals and families.
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A model to target homelessness prevention services to families more efficiently in New York City found no evidence that some families were too risky to be helped or that specific risk factors were particularly amenable to amelioration.
Homelessness Interventions in Georgia: Rapid Re-Housing, Transitional Housing, and the Likelihood of Returning to Shelter
Abstract Since 1987, billions of dollars in homeless assistance have been allocated annually by the U.S. federal government. Yet few evaluations of homelessness interventions exist. This study
The old homeless and the new homelessness in historical perspective.
  • P. Rossi
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American psychologist
  • 1990
In the 1950s and 1960s homelessness declined to the point that researchers were predicting its virtual disappearance in the 1970s, but in the 1980s, homelessness increased rapidly and drastically changed in composition, especially high levels of mental illness and substance abuse.
The Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is pleased to present this national report on homelessness in America. The report was developed in response to Congressional directives that
Homelessness prevention in New York City: On average, it works.
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What housing and service interventions work best to reduce homelessness for families in the United States? The Family Options Study randomly assigned 2,282 families recruited in homeless shelters
Homeless in America, Homeless in California
It is generally believed that the increased incidence of homelessness in the United States has arisen from broad societal factors, such as changes in the institutionalization of the mentally ill,