Reducing Frailty and Falls in Older Persons: An Investigation of Tai Chi and Computerized Balance Training

@article{Wolf1996ReducingFA,
  title={Reducing Frailty and Falls in Older Persons: An Investigation of Tai Chi and Computerized Balance Training},
  author={Steven L. Wolf and Huiman X. Barnhart and Nancy Kutner and Elizabeth McNeely and Carol Coogler and Tingsen Xu},
  journal={Journal of the American Geriatrics Society},
  year={1996},
  volume={44}
}
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of two exercise approaches, Tai Chi (TC) and computerized balance training (BT), on specified primary outcomes (biomedical, functional, and psychosocial indicators of frailty) and secondary outcomes (occurrence of falls). 
Intense Tai Chi Exercise Training and Fall Occurrences in Older, Transitionally Frail Adults: A Randomized, Controlled Trial
Objectives: To determine whether an intense tai chi (TC) exercise program could reduce the risk of falls more than a wellness education (WE) program in older adults meeting criteria for transitioningExpand
The Effect of Group Exercise on Physical Functioning and Falls in Frail Older People Living in Retirement Villages: A Randomized, Controlled Trial
TLDR
Whether a 12‐month program of group exercise can improve physical functioning and reduce the rate of falling in frail older people is investigated. Expand
Effectiveness of Tai Chi as a Community‐Based Falls Prevention Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
To compare the effectiveness of tai chi and low‐level exercise in reducing falls in older adults and to determine whether mobility, balance, and lower limb strength improved and whether higher doses of tao chi resulted in greater effect, a large number of older adults were surveyed. Expand
Mobility training for increasing mobility and functioning in older people with frailty
TLDR
The evidence for the benefits and safety of mobility training on overall functioning and mobility in frail older people living in the community is summarized. Expand
Lack of Effect of Tai Chi Chuan in Preventing Falls in Elderly People Living at Home: A Randomized Clinical Trial
TLDR
Evaluation of the effectiveness of Tai Chi Chuan in fall prevention in elderly people living at home with a high risk of falling finds it to be effective in both the prevention and the treatment of falls. Expand
Falls and fractures in participants and excluded non‐participants of a fall prevention exercise program for elderly women with a history of falls: 1‐year follow‐up study
To evaluate the effectiveness of a strength and balance enhancing exercise intervention as a means of preventing falls in community‐dwelling elderly Japanese women with a history of falls, whileExpand
Tai Chi -- an Innovative Approach to Reduce Falling in the Elderly
TLDR
The National Institute on Aging has funded a novel program to reduce frailty and falls in the elderly, and two recent studies demonstrate that older people with frailty are more likely to have falls. Expand
Associations of Demographic, Functional, and Behavioral Characteristics with Activity‐Related Fear of Falling Among Older Adults Transitioning to Frailty
TLDR
To determine, in a cohort of older individuals transitioning to frailty, whether there are significant associations between demographic, functional, and behavioral characteristics and activity‐related fear of falling, using both the Falls Efficacy Scale (FES) and the Activities‐Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC). Expand
Effects of Home‐Based Tai Chi and Lower Extremity Training and Self‐Practice on Falls and Functional Outcomes in Older Fallers from the Emergency Department—A Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
To compare the effects of guided home‐based tai chi chuan (TCC) and lower extremity training (LET) and of levels of self‐practice on falls and functional outcomes in older fallers, a comparison of TCC and LET is conducted. Expand
A Randomized, Controlled Trial of tai chi for the Prevention of Falls: The Central Sydney tai chi Trial
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of a 16‐week community‐based tai chi program in reducing falls and improving balance in people aged 60 and older.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
Falls and instability in the elderly.
TLDR
The clinical evaluation of falls and fall risk and interventions designed to reduce both are presented. Expand
The effects of exercise on falls in elderly patients. A preplanned meta-analysis of the FICSIT Trials. Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques.
TLDR
A preplanned meta-analysis of the seven Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques (FICSIT) trials that assessed intervention efficacy in reducing falls and frailty in elderly patients found treatments including exercise for elderly adults reduce the risk of falls. Expand
Prevention of Falls and Hip Fractures in the Elderly
This text discusses the aetiology and prevention of falls and hip fractures in the elderly. It also includes options for treating hip fractures. Both instrinsic and extrinsic factors that contributeExpand
Medications and Diagnoses in Relation to Falls in a Long‐Term Care Facility
TLDR
The odds of being a faller rather than a control were significant for those taking antidepressants, sedatives/hypnotics, or vasodilators, and for those with osteoarthritis or depression. Expand
Exercise training and nutritional supplementation for physical frailty in very elderly people.
TLDR
High-intensity resistance exercise training is a feasible and effective means of counteracting muscle weakness and physical frailty in very elderly people, in contrast to multi-nutrient supplementation without concomitant exercise, which does not reduce muscle weakness orPhysical frailty. Expand
A multifactorial intervention to reduce the risk of falling among elderly people living in the community.
TLDR
The multiple-risk-factor intervention strategy resulted in a significant reduction in the risk of falling among elderly persons in the community and among persons who had the targeted risk factors for falling, as compared with the control group. Expand
Risk factors for falls in a community-based prospective study of people 70 years and older.
TLDR
Factors associated with falls in a community-based prospective study of 761 subjects 70 years and older found decreased levels of physical activity, stroke, arthritis of the knees, impairment of gait, and increased body sway were associated with an increased risk of falls. Expand
The Atlanta FICSIT Study: Two Exercise Interventions to Reduce Frailty in Elders
TLDR
Measurements unique to the Atlanta site include: balance with eyes closed, programmed force‐distribution changes when stance is perturbed, cardiovascular assessments, WAIS, affects Balance Scale, and a survey of home environment. Expand
Development of the Common Data Base for the FICSIT Trials
TLDR
This article describes the shared measures, which are referred to as the FICSIT Common Data Base (CDB), and recommends that the CDB should expedite secondary analyses of various research questions dealing with frailty and falls. Expand
Geriatric Rehabilitation: What Do Physicians Know about It and How Should They Use It?
TLDR
To do this, clarifying the conceptual understanding necessary for proper care of older persons with disability, critically appraising current physician education about geriatric functional disability, and identifying barriers to primary care physician management of functional disability are needed. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...