Reduced toll-like receptor 4 and substance P gene expression is associated with airway bacterial colonization in children.

Neuro-immune interactions are increasingly relevant to human health and disease. The neuropeptide Substance P also has antibacterial activity and bears similarities to the innate immune antibacterial defensins. This suggests possible co-regulation of neuropeptide and innate immune mediators. In this study, non-bronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was… CONTINUE READING