Reduced testosterone levels in males with lone atrial fibrillation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Sex hormones play an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease. Testosterone and estradiol have been reported to be down-regulated in subjects with coronary artery disease and heart failure, but has not been studied in atrial fibrillation (AF). HYPOTHESIS Levels of sex hormones may be associated with susceptibility to lone AF… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/clc.20423

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