Reduced take-off ability in robins (Erithacus rubecula) due to migratory fuel load

@article{Lind1999ReducedTA,
  title={Reduced take-off ability in robins (Erithacus rubecula) due to migratory fuel load},
  author={Johan Lind and Thord Fransson and Sven Jakobsson and Cecillia Kullberg},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={1999},
  volume={46},
  pages={65-70}
}
Recent studies have shown that large fuel loads in small birds impair flying ability. This is the first study to show how migratory fuel load affects flying ability, such as velocity and height gained at take-off in a predator escape situation, in a medium-distance migrant, and whether they adjust their take-off according to predator attack angle. First-year robins (Erithacus rubecula) were subjected to simulated attacks from a model merlin (Falco columbarius), and take-off velocity and angle… CONTINUE READING

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