The Shb adaptor protein binds to tyrosine 766 in the FGFR-1 and regulates the Ras/MEK/MAPK pathway via FRS2 phosphorylation in endothelial cells.
Signaling via the fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1, flg) was analyzed in Ba/F3 hematopoietic cells expressing either wild-type or a mutant FGF receptor (Y766F) unable to activate phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) and stimulate phosphatidylinositol (PI) hydrolysis. Stimulation of cells expressing wild-type or mutant FGFR with acidic FGF (aFGF) caused similar activation of Ras. However, an approximately 3-fold reduced activation of Raf-1 and MAP kinase was observed in aFGF-stimulated cells expressing mutant receptors as compared to cells expressing wild-type FGF receptors. Comparison of phosphopeptide maps of Raf-1 immunoprecipitated from the two cell types activated by either aFGF or the phorbol ester (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate) suggests that Raf-1 is phosphorylated by both Ras-dependent and PLC-gamma-dependent mechanisms. In spite of the differential effect on Raf-1 and MAP kinase activation, aFGF stimulated similar proliferation of cells expressing wild-type or mutant receptors indicating that Ras-dependent activation of Raf-1 and MAP kinase is sufficient for transduction of FGFR mitogenic signals. Ras may also activate signal transduction pathways that are complementary or parallel to the MAP kinase pathway to stimulate cell proliferation.