Redox imbalance

  title={Redox imbalance},
  author={Daniela Berg and Moussa B. H. Youdim and Peter Franz Riederer},
  journal={Cell and Tissue Research},
Substantial evidence implies that redox imbalance attributable to an overproduction of reactive oxygen species or reactive nitrogen species that overwhelm the protective defense mechanism of cells contributes to all forms of Parkinson’s disease. Factors such as dopamine, neuromelanin, and transition metals may, under certain circumstances, contribute to the formation of oxygen species such as H2O2, superoxide radicals, and hydroxyl radicals and react with reactive nitrogen species such as… CONTINUE READING
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