Redescription and Rediagnosis of the Tylosaurine Mosasaur Hainosaurus pembinensis Nicholls, 1988, as Tylosaurus pembinensis (Nicholls, 1988)

@inproceedings{Bullard2010RedescriptionAR,
  title={Redescription and Rediagnosis of the Tylosaurine Mosasaur Hainosaurus pembinensis Nicholls, 1988, as Tylosaurus pembinensis (Nicholls, 1988)},
  author={Timon S. Bullard and Michael Wayne Caldwell},
  year={2010}
}
ABSTRACT Tylosaurus pembinensis (Mosasauridae; Tylosaurini), from the middle Campanian Pembina Member of the Pierre Shale, exposed near Morden, Manitoba, Canada, is redescribed and removed from the genus Hainosaurus. In support of our reassignment, we highlight incorrect diagnostic features in the original description that were used as support for the assignment of the new species to Hainosaurus (e.g., small suprastapedial process of the quadrate and the presence of 54 vertebrae in the dorsal… 

Reassessment and Reassignment of the Early Maastrichtian Mosasaur Hainosaurus bernardi Dollo, 1885, to Tylosaurus Marsh, 1872

TLDR
The available data support the conclusion that Hainosaurus is a junior synonym of Tylosaurus because no anatomical features distinguish the former from the latter.

Tylosaurine mosasaurs (Squamata) from the Late Cretaceous of northern Germany

  • J. HornungM. Reich
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Netherlands Journal of Geosciences - Geologie en Mijnbouw
  • 2014
Abstract Two genera of tylosaurine mosasaurs, Tylosaurus and Hainosaurus, are recorded for the first time from Germany. Tylosaurus sp. is represented by two isolated tooth crowns, originally

A new species of tylosaurine mosasaur from the upper Campanian Bearpaw Formation of Saskatchewan, Canada

TLDR
The new species represents the most northern occurrence of the genus and the subfamily and extends the stratigraphical distribution of the the genus Tylosaurus in North America, occupying the northern Western Interior Seaway during the late Campanian.

The smallest-known neonate individual of Tylosaurus (Mosasauridae, Tylosaurinae) sheds new light on the tylosaurine rostrum and heterochrony

TLDR
The recognition of a neonate-sized Tylosaurus specimen without an elongate predental rostrum of the premaxilla suggests hypermorphosis as a likely heterochronic process behind the evolution of this iconic tylosaurine feature.

A New Hypothesis of the Phylogenetic Relationships of the Tylosaurinae (Squamata: Mosasauroidea)

TLDR
The hypothesis for a North Atlantic Circle Basin distribution for species of the genus Tylosaurus from the Coniacian to the Maatrichtian is supported, and a more cosmopolitan distribution is suggested for the genus Hainosaurus/Tylosaurus neumilleri with species present along the margins of the Pacific, Indian and Antarctic Ocean Basins.

A Large Mosasaurine (Squamata: Mosasauridae) from the Latest Cretaceous of Osaka Prefecture (Sw Japan)

Abstract. A jaw fragment of a large mosasaurine (Squamata, Mosasauridae) was discovered from the uppermost Cretaceous Izumi Group in Sennan City, Osaka Prefecture, Southwest Japan as a

A mosasaur fauna (Squamata: Mosasauridae) from the Campanian (Upper Cretaceous) of Hannover, northern Germany

Hornung, J.J., Reich, M. & Frerichs, U., February 2018. The mosasaur fauna (Squamata: Mosasauridae) from the Campanian (Upper Cretaceous) of Hannover, northern Germany. Alcheringa 42, 543-559. ISSN

A Comprehensive Review of the Morphological Diversity of the Quadrate Bone in Mosasauroids (Squamata: Mosasauroidea), with Comments on the Homology of the Infrastapedial Process

TLDR
A comprehensive comparison of mosasauroid quadrates contextualized against a recent phylogeny of the group is provided, and it is demonstrated that some features of the posteroventral region of these bones are likely homoplastic and require the establishment of a new set of anatomical terms.

Eggs for breakfast? Analysis of a probable mosasaur biting trace on the Cretaceous echinoid Echinocorys ovata Leske, 1778

TLDR
The shape and arrangement of the biting trace is analysed and it is concluded that it was probably produced by a marine reptile possessing a prognath tooth position, most likely by a globidensine mosasauroid, shedding light on mosasaur feeding behaviour and prey selection.

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