Redefining the Libyan revolution: the changing ideology of Muammar al-Qaddafi

@article{BruceStJohn2008RedefiningTL,
  title={Redefining the Libyan revolution: the changing ideology of Muammar al-Qaddafi},
  author={Ronald Bruce St John},
  journal={The Journal of North African Studies},
  year={2008},
  volume={13},
  pages={106 - 91}
}
On 1 September 1969, the Free Unionist Officers movement, led by Captain Muammar al-Qaddafi, executed a successful coup d'état, overthrowing the monarchical regime that had ruled Libya since independence in 1951. From the outset, Qaddafi articulated a comprehensive, well-thought-out ideology, grounded in the revolutionary trinity of freedom, socialism and unity. For almost two decades, continuity and consistency were the dominant characteristics of the ideology of the One September Revolution… 

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