Redefining Therapeutic Success with Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy

@article{GarcaPalacios2001RedefiningTS,
  title={Redefining Therapeutic Success with Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy},
  author={Azucena Garc{\'i}a-Palacios and Hunter G. Hoffman and Sheree Kwong See and Amy Tsai and Cristina Botella},
  journal={Cyberpsychology \& behavior : the impact of the Internet, multimedia and virtual reality on behavior and society},
  year={2001},
  volume={4 3},
  pages={
          341-8
        }
}
  • A. García-Palacios, H. Hoffman, +2 authors C. Botella
  • Published 1 June 2001
  • Medicine, Computer Science
  • Cyberpsychology & behavior : the impact of the Internet, multimedia and virtual reality on behavior and society
The success rate for treating phobias with in vivo exposure is high. Unfortunately, few phobics (less than 15-20%) ever seek treatment. Virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy is also proving to be highly effective. The present surveys assessed 162 students high in fear of spiders. In Study 1, when asked to choose between multisession in vivo exposure vs. multisession VR exposure therapy, 81% chose VR. In Study 2, comparing one-session in vivo versus multisession VR exposure therapy, 89% chose VR… Expand
Virtual reality in the treatment of spider phobia: a controlled study.
TLDR
It is shown that VR exposure can be effective in the treatment of phobias and patients in the VR treatment group showed clinically significant improvement compared with 0% in the waiting list group, and no patients dropped out. Expand
Treating cockroach phobia with augmented reality.
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Results showed that AR was effective at treating cockroach phobia, and all participants improved significantly in all outcome measures after treatment; furthermore, the treatment gains were maintained at 3, 6, and 12-month follow-up periods. Expand
Comparing Acceptance and Refusal Rates of Virtual Reality Exposure vs. In Vivo Exposure by Patients with Specific Phobias
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Results suggest that VR exposure could help increase the number of people who seek exposure therapy for phobias, and in vivo exposure was higher than VR exposure. Expand
Effectiveness of virtual reality exposure in the treatment of arachnophobia using 3D games.
TLDR
Significant improvement between pre and post results on the behavioral avoidance test, the Spider Beliefs Questionnaire, and perceived self-efficacy suggest that therapy using virtual reality exposure via a modified computer game is useful in the treatment of arachnophobia. Expand
Single-session gamified virtual reality exposure therapy for spider phobia vs. traditional exposure therapy: study protocol for a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial
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This study compares a market-ready, gamified VR spider phobia exposure application, delivered using consumer VR hardware, with the current gold standard treatment, and suggests the VR medium is particularly suitable for taking advantage of recent phobia treatment research emphasizing engagement and new learning. Expand
Viability of virtual reality exposure therapy as a treatment alternative
  • Jimmy Bush
  • Psychology, Computer Science
  • Comput. Hum. Behav.
  • 2008
TLDR
This paper will review current literature on the topic of VRET and answer several questions regarding the viability of the treatment and provide some additional research direction for improving the case for mainstreaming VRET. Expand
Experiences of Gamified and Automated Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Spider Phobia: Qualitative Study
TLDR
Automated, gamified virtual reality exposure therapy appears to be an appealing treatment modality and to work by the intended mechanisms, which may guide the next generation of interventions and inform dissemination efforts and future qualitative research into user experiences. Expand
Virtual reality as a mechanism for exposure therapy
  • M. R. Carvalho, R. Freire, A. Nardi
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry
  • 2010
TLDR
An overview of the current panorama of VR and psychotherapy is offered, underlining the (virtual) exposure technique and the studies that focus on panic disorder treatment through the use of VR. Expand
Experiences of Gamified and Automated Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Spider Phobia: Qualitative Study (Preprint)
BACKGROUND Virtual reality exposure therapy is an efficacious treatment of anxiety disorders, and recent research suggests that such treatments can be automated, relying on gamification elementsExpand
The use of virtual reality in acrophobia research and treatment.
TLDR
This review focuses on recent innovations in the use of VR technology and discusses the benefits it may offer for examining the underlying causes of acrophobia, allowing for the systematic assessment of interrelated factors such as the visual, vestibular and postural control systems. Expand
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TLDR
It is shown that VR exposure can be effective in the treatment of phobias and patients in the VR treatment group showed clinically significant improvement compared with 0% in the waiting list group, and no patients dropped out. Expand
Virtual reality and tactile augmentation in the treatment of spider phobia: a case report.
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The efficacy of a treatment for claustrophobia using only Virtual Reality (VR) exposure was examined and the necessity of a theoretical framework for this new medium for exposure therapy is discussed. Expand
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The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) exposure in the treatment of claustrophobic fear. We evaluated the intervention following a controlled,Expand
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The high cost of VR equipment and environments is a significant deterrent to the widespread dissemination of this technology from scientific research labs to the offices of clinical psychologists. AnExpand
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The results of the first Vietnam combat veteran with PTSD to have been treated with VRE are presented, where the patient was exposed to two virtual environments, a virtual Huey helicopter flying over a virtual Vietnam and a clearing surrounded by jungle. Expand
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The effects of massed versus spaced in vivo exposure sessions were compared in the treatment of 19 agoraphobic and 17 simple phobic outpatients. Subjects received ten 90-min sessions ofExpand
Virtual reality in eating disorders
Virtual Reality (VR) is widely used as a therapeutic tool in the field of neuropsychology and also in the treatment of anxiety disorders. In contrast, VR is much less well-known in the area of theExpand
Fear of Flying: A Case Report Using Virtual Reality Therapy with Physiological Monitoring
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Four sessions of virtual reality exposure therapy were successsful in reducing physiological arousal for a person with a fear of flying and a person without aFear of flying. Expand
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