Red legs and golden gasters: Batesian mimicry in australian ants

  title={Red legs and golden gasters: Batesian mimicry in australian ants},
  author={D. N. Merrill and Mark A. Elgar},
Abstract There are numerous reports of invertebrates that are visual mimics of ants, but no formal reports of mimicry of an ant, by an ant. Two endemic Australian ants, Myrmecia fulvipes and Camponotus bendigensis are remarkably similar in colour and size; both are generally black but have red legs and golden gasters. The density and hue of the pubescence of each ant's gaster are relatively uncommon in ants, but are very rare when combined with the black forebody and red legs. The ants are… 

Evidences of Batesian Mimicry and Parabiosis in Ants of the Brazilian Savannah

The authors' observations suggest that the morphological and behavioral similarities between these species represent a Batesian mimicry relationship in which the relatively palatable Camponotus blandus mimics the unpalatable P. termitarius for predator avoidance and the pacific association between the termitophilous colonies of these species may also suggest some level of parabiotic interaction.

Spectacular Batesian mimicry in ants

In Malaysia, a possible Batesian mimic in an arboreal ant species, Camponotus sp.

Is mimicry a diversification-driver in ants? Biogeography, ecology, ethology, genetics and morphology define a second West-Palaearctic Colobopsis species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

The West-Palaearctic Colobopsis ant populations have long been considered a single species, but the existence of a second species, which is described as Co. imitans sp.

A brief observation of morphological and behavioral similarities between the Ichneumonidae wasp Cryptanura sp. and its presumed mimic, Holymenia clavigera (Heteroptera: Coreidae), in Brazil.

Findings indicate strong evidences that H. clavigera is a mimic of the Ichneumonidae wasp, Cryptanura sp.

Benefits of insect colours: a review from social insect studies

Benefits that various colour types give to social insects are reviewed, practical applications are summarized, and further directions are highlighted.

Semetic rings: towards the new concept of mimetic resemblances

Wariness to colour patterns: birds versus European red‐and‐black insects

A mimetic complex of red‐and‐black insects is proposed to occur in Central Europe and it is proposed that this complex represents a new type of mimicry in Europe.



Pheidole Nasutoides, a New Species of Costa Rican Ant That Apparently Mimics Termites

In 1985, at the La Selva Field Station and Biological Reserve of the Organization for Tropical Studies, in northeastern Costa Rica, a new species of Pheidole was discovered whose major workers in life astonishingly resembled those of Nasutitermes.

Batesian and Müllerian mimicry between species with connected life histories, with a new example involving braconid wasp parasites of Phoracantha beetles

Scanning electron micrographs are presented showing that two very different modified hair structures are involved, flattened ones in Acanthodoryctes and fused ones in Trichiohelcon, and possible reasons for the evolution of the specialized reflective setae and their consequent effects on overall colour pattern are discussed.

Myrmecomorphy: morphological and behavioral mimicry of ants

The influence of ants on ecological communities is well documented by their quantitative effect on populations of other organisms (66, 176) and through the variety of relationships in which they are

Notes on the Biology and Social Behavior of the Archaic Ponerine Ants of the Genera Myrmecia and Promyrmecia

Few groups of ants are so potentially interesting to the myrmecologist primarily concerned with phylogeny and social behavior in the Formicidae as the extraordinarily archaic ponerine tribe Myrmecii,

The viceroy butterfly is not a batesian mimic

This classic case of mimicry involving viceroy butterflies, Limenitis archippus (Cramer) (Nymphalidae), and two species they purportedly mimic is reassessed and it is revealed that viceroys are as unpalatable as monarchs, and significantly more unpalable than queens from representative Florida populations.

Warning Coloration and Mimicry

The purpose of this review is to provide a current analysis of warning coloration and mimicry to accompany the other discussions in this volume of the chemical ecology of insects. Recent literature

Imperfect Batesian mimicry—the effects of the frequency and the distastefulness of the model

The experiment supports the most classical predictions in the theories of the origin and maintenance of Batesian mimicry: Batesian mimics gain most when the models outnumber them and the models survived significantly better the more distasteful they were.

An overview of the relationships between mimicry and crypsis

There are in fact three major criteria dividing six phenomona, rather than a single dichotomy between mimicry and crypsis, and each author's definition includes differing and partially overlapping subsets of the six classes:crypsis; masquerade; Batesism; Mullerism; polymorphism and convergence.

Diversity in mimicry: paradox or paradigm?

The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection

Although it is true that most text-books of genetics open with a chapter on biometry, closer inspection will reveal that this has little connexion with the body of the work, and that more often than not it is merely belated homage to a once fashionable study.