Red-Winged Blackbirds: II. Pigmentation in Epaulets of Females

  • MILDRED MISKIMEN
  • Published 2017

Abstract

This study describes color changes in upper secondary coverts (epaulets) of female red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) in successive molts. The methods used included Munsell color chips and microscopic examination of feathers. Examination of feathers collected from these upper secondary coverts showed color pigments distributed in barbs and barbules… (More)

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