Recycling endosomes undergo rapid closure of a fusion pore on exocytosis in neuronal dendrites.


Exocytosis of recycling endosomes (REs) represents the last step of receptor and membrane recycling, a fundamental process involved in many aspects of cell physiology. In neurons, it is involved in the control of cell polarity and synaptic plasticity and is locally and tightly regulated. However, its molecular mechanisms are still poorly understood. We have imaged single exocytosis events of REs in rat hippocampal neurons in culture transfected with three types of receptors tagged with the pH-sensitive GFP mutant superecliptic phluorin. We found that exocytosis events are grouped into two categories: (1) short burst events in which receptors diffuse into the plasma membrane in a few seconds; and (2) long display events in which receptors remain visible and clustered after exocytosis for many seconds. Display events are much rarer in non-neuronal cells, such as fibroblasts and astrocytes. Using two-color imaging and fast extracellular solution changes, we show that display events correspond to the rapid opening and closing of a fusion pore (or "kiss-and-run") with a median opening time of 2.6 s, which restricts the diffusion of multiple receptor types and bound cargo. Moreover, the RE marker Rab11 remains enriched after display exocytosis events and controls the mode of RE exocytosis. Finally, a given RE can undergo multiple rounds of display exocytosis. The last step of recycling can thus be controlled in neurons for the selective delivery of receptors at the cell surface.

DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0799-14.2014

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@article{Julli2014RecyclingEU, title={Recycling endosomes undergo rapid closure of a fusion pore on exocytosis in neuronal dendrites.}, author={Damien Julli{\'e} and Daniel Choquet and David Perrais}, journal={The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience}, year={2014}, volume={34 33}, pages={11106-18} }