Recursive feature elimination for biomarker discovery in resting-state functional connectivity

Abstract

Biomarker discovery involves finding correlations between features and clinical symptoms to aid clinical decision. This task is especially difficult in resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data due to low SNR, high-dimensionality of images, inter-subject and intra-subject variability and small numbers of subjects compared to the number of derived features. Traditional univariate analysis suffers from the problem of multiple comparisons. Here, we adopt an alternative data-driven method for identifying population differences in functional connectivity. We propose a machine-learning approach to down-select functional connectivity features associated with symptom severity in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Using this approach, we identified functional regions with altered connectivity in mTBI. including the executive control, visual and precuneus networks. We compared functional connections at multiple resolutions to determine which scale would be more sensitive to changes related to patient recovery. These modular network-level features can be used as diagnostic tools for predicting disease severity and recovery profiles.

DOI: 10.1109/EMBC.2016.7591621

Cite this paper

@article{Ravishankar2016RecursiveFE, title={Recursive feature elimination for biomarker discovery in resting-state functional connectivity}, author={Hariharan Ravishankar and Radhika Madhavan and Rakesh Mullick and Teena Shetty and Luca Marinelli and Suresh E. Joel}, journal={Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference}, year={2016}, volume={2016}, pages={4071-4074} }