Recovery of the Alpine lynx Lynx lynx metapopulation

  title={Recovery of the Alpine lynx Lynx lynx metapopulation},
  author={Anja Molinari-Jobin and {\'E}ric Marboutin and Sybille W{\"o}lfl and Manfred W{\"o}lfl and Paolo Molinari and Michael Fasel and Ivan M. Kos and Mateja Bla{\vz}i{\vc} and Christine Breitenmoser and Christian Fuxj{\"a}ger and T. Huber and Iztok Koren and Urs Breitenmoser},
  pages={267 - 275}
Abstract We use the case of the Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx in the Alps to discuss how to implement existing directives and recommendations, as well as how to integrate biological concepts, into practical conservation and wildlife management. Since 1995 the occurrence of lynx in the Alpine countries has been monitored and reported by the Status and Conservation of the Alpine Lynx Population expert group. Both the area of occupancy and the estimated number of individuals increased from 1995–1999 to… 

Modeling Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) distribution and estimation of patch and population size in the Alps

Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) exist in central Europe in relatively small, isolated populations particularly in the Jura Mountains and the Northwest Swiss Alps. Population sizes have fluctuated over the

Habitat availability is not limiting the distribution of the Bohemian–Bavarian lynx Lynx lynx population

Abstract A population of Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx was established by reintroductions in the Bohemian Forest Ecosystem in the 1970s and 1980s. The most recent information on the population status

Monitoring the Lynx in the Alps

The project Status and Conservation of the Alpine Lynx Population (SCALP) is an ongoing program aiming to co-ordinate the lynx monitoring and propose conservation activities in the Alps. The SCALP


European Alps are currently inhabited by a meta-population of Lynx lynx (L. 1758) well below the optimum level. The aim of the present study was to update and discuss the information available on the

Eurasian lynx density and habitat use in one of Europe's strongholds, the Romanian Carpathians

The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) faces population declines in the western part of its range, and its ecological requirements are poorly understood in the eastern part of its range. The Romanian

Status and distribution of Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in Slovenia from 2005 to 2009 Stanje in razširjenost evrazijskega risa (Lynx lynx) v Sloveniji v obdobju 2005-2009

In Slovenia, the status of the re-introduced Eurasian lynx population is monitored using the SCALP (Status and Conservation of Alpine Lynx Populations) methodology. Monitoring is organized by the

Status and distribution of the lynx ( Lynx lynx ) in the Swiss Alps 2005 – 2009 Status in razširjenost risa ( Lynx lynx ) v Švicarskih Alpah 2005 – 2009

We evaluated the status of lynx in the Swiss Alps for the period 2005– 2009. Even though the number of lynx presence signs remained almost stable between the present (2,068 signs) and previous pentad

Status, management and distribution of large carnivores – bear, lynx, wolf & wolverine – in Europe

Large carnivores (bears Ursus arctos, wolves Canis lupus, lynx Lynx lynx and wolverines Gulo gulo) are among the most challenging group of species to maintain as large and continuous populations or

Recovery of large carnivores in Europe’s modern human-dominated landscapes

It is shown that roughly one-third of mainland Europe hosts at least one large carnivore species, with stable or increasing abundance in most cases in 21st-century records, and coexistence alongside humans has become possible, argue the authors.

The rise of a large carnivore population in Central Europe: genetic evaluation of lynx reintroduction in the Harz Mountains

To track population development and genetic diversity in a reintroduced lynx population, microsatellite analysis and mtDNA haplotyping is used based on 379 samples collected during the initial 15 year period of lynx reintroduction in the Harz mountains National Park, Germany.



Status and conservation of the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in Europe in 2001

The Action Plan for the Conservation of the Eurasian Lynx in Europe (Breitenmoser et al. 2000) was based on data up to 1995. This new report presents data up to 2001 (with some more recent

The situation of the lynx ( Lynx lynx ) in Austria

Nine wild lynx were translocated from the Carpathian Mountains to Styria between 1977 and I979 in order to reintroduce this species into the Austrian Alps. Field projects continued until 1982, when

Status and distribution of the lynx in the Swiss Alps 2000–2004 in

  • Environmental Science
. To evaluate the 2000–2004 status of lynx in the Swiss Alps, we outlined the trend within the large carnivore management compartments and estimated the number of lynx present. Throughout Switzerland

Distribution trend of the Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx populations in France

The regular increase in the number of islets of presence and the progressive colonization from the north towards the extreme south of the Alps suggested an insufficient observation pressure rather than the absence of any established population in the French Alps.

Monitoring and Distribution of the Lynx Lynx Lynx in the Swiss Jura Mountains

Abstract Lynx were reintroduced to the Jura Mountains in the mid-1970s. A first retrospective update of the situation in France and Switzerland was undertaken 10 years later. Since then, real-time

The lynx in the Italian Alps

Abstract Lynx lynx has spontaneously recolonized the Italian Alps, coming from the populations created by reintroductions in neighbouring countries. The study period began in 1976 with a survey

The Lynx in Liechtenstein

The surface area of Liechtenstein is only large enough to host from 1 to exceptionally 3 adult lynx, but there are no barriers that hinder lynx to disperse into neighbouring Grisons/Switzerland and Vorarlberg/Austria, which underlines the need to closely collaborate in all future management decisions with the neighbouring countries.


It is concluded that 20 years after the first reintroductions there still is no lynx population in the Austrian Alps and the reports rather indicate a few individuals scattered over a wide area.


This Pan-Alpine Conservation Strategy for the Lynx (PACS) bases on two ideas: (1) no Alpine country can host a viable lynx population in isolation all regional populations will be transboundary; and


A lynx recovery programme started in Switzerland in 1970. From 1970-76. at least 14 lynx were translocated from the Carpathian Mountains into the Swiss Alps. Another re-introduction took place in the