Recovery and evaluation of soybean plants transgenic for aBacillus thuringiensis var.Kurstaki insecticidal gene

Abstract

Lepidopteran insects are major defoliating pests of soybean in the southeastern United States. Soybean plants transgenic for a nativecryIA(b) gene fromBacillus thuringiensis var.kurstaki HD-1 were obtained. Embryogenic cultures were induced by plating cotyledons on a Murashige and Skoog-based medium supplemented with 40 mg/liter of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). The embryogenic cultures were maintained in liquid medium containing 5 mg/liter 2,4-D. These cultures were subjected to microprojectile bombardment, followed by selection on 50 mg/liter hygromycin. Resistant embryogenic cell lines were transferred to growth regulator-free medium to permit recovery of mature somatic embryos. After a desiccation period, the somatic embryos were returned to growth regulator-free medium for conversion into plants. Southern hybridization analysis verified transformation. Feeding assays of T1 plants from one cell line deterred feeding, development, and survival of velvetbean caterpillar at a level comparable to that of GatIR81-296, a soybean breeding line with a high level of insect resistance. Reduced feeding on T1 plants correlated with the presence of the transgene.

DOI: 10.1007/BF02632204

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@article{Parrott2007RecoveryAE, title={Recovery and evaluation of soybean plants transgenic for aBacillus thuringiensis var.Kurstaki insecticidal gene}, author={W. A. Parrott and J. N. All and M. J. Adang and M. A. Bailey and H. R. Boerma and C. N. Stewart}, journal={In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant}, year={2007}, volume={30}, pages={144-149} }