Recovered Patients with Stevens–Johson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Maintain Long-Lived IFN-γ and sFasL Memory Response

Abstract

There is evidence that drug-specific T cells are involved in inducing keratinocyte apoptosis in acute stage of Steven-Johson syndrome (SJS) and Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). However, there are few studies that have attempted to examine T cell memory responses over time. We sought to determine the duration of IFN-γ and sFasL memory response to causal drugs in patients with SJS and TEN after remission. Eight patients with previous SJS and TEN were enrolled. Memory T cells were measured by 10-day cultured IFN-γ enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot-forming cell (ELISpot) assay. Effector T-cell responses were measured by ex vivo IFN-γ ELISpot assay and sFasL ELISA. The sFasL-mediated toxicities of drug-stimulated PBMC supernatants against keratinocyte line were further investigated by MTT proliferation assay and Annexin-V staining. We observed significant cultured and ex vivo IFN-γ ELISpot responses against causal drugs in all 8 patients. In addition, the sFasL levels were specifically increased in the supernatant of PBMCs cultured with causal drugs from 6 of 8 patients. Drug-stimulated PBMC supernatants were cytotoxic against keratinocyte line, which was inhibited by anti-FasL mAb in a dose-dependent manner. Our findings confirmed that drug-specific IFN-γ and sFasL memory response against causal drugs could be sustained over several years and further suggest that patients should avoid causal drug re-exposure after the recovery of TEN and SJS.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045516

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@inproceedings{Fu2012RecoveredPW, title={Recovered Patients with Stevens–Johson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Maintain Long-Lived IFN-γ and sFasL Memory Response}, author={Meng Fu and Yang Gao and Yuefei Pan and Wei Li and Wenjun Liao and Gang Wang and Chunying Li and Chengxin Li and Tianwen Gao and Yufeng Liu}, booktitle={PloS one}, year={2012} }