Record-Setting Ocean Warmth Continued in 2019

  title={Record-Setting Ocean Warmth Continued in 2019},
  author={Lijing Cheng and John P. Abraham and Jiang Zhu and Kevin E. Trenberth and John T. Fasullo and T. P. Boyer and R. A. Locarnini and Bin Zhang and Fujiang Yu and Liying Wan and Xingrong Chen and Xiangzhou Song and Yulong Liu and Michael Everett Mann},
  journal={Advances in Atmospheric Sciences},
1International Center for Climate and Environment Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China 2Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China 3University of St. Thomas, School of Engineering, Minnesota 55105, USA 4National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado 80307, USA 5National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Centers for Environmental Information, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910… 

Re-Assessing Climatic Warming in China since 1900

The regional mean surface air temperature (SAT) in China has risen with a rate of 1.3–1.7°C (100 yr) −1 since 1900, based on the recently developed homogenized observations. This estimate is larger

Surface warming reacceleration in offshore China and its interdecadal effects on the East Asia–Pacific climate

With greater changes in the warming rate, the spatial mode of the circulation anomalies over East Asia and the western Pacific has shifted westward and has exerted more inshore influence during the recent warming reacceleration period than during the previous periods.

An interdecadal extension of the Indo-Pacific warm pool and its strengthened influence on the South China Sea summer monsoon since the late 1980s

In this study, the interdecadal change in the size of the Indo-Pacific warm pool (IPWP) and its connection with the intensity of the South China Sea summer monsoon (SCSSM) in May are investigated.

Extreme climatic characteristics near the coastline of the southeast region of Brazil in the last 40 years

The southeastern Brazilian coast is a vulnerable region to the development of severe storms, mainly caused by the passage of cold fronts and extratropical cyclones. In the last decades, there has

Basin-Scale Sea Level Budget from Satellite Altimetry, Satellite Gravimetry, and Argo Data over 2005 to 2019

Monitoring sea level changes and exploring their causes are of great significance for future climate change predictions and the sustainable development of mankind. This study uses multiple sets of

Long‐term evolution of global sea surface temperature trend

The ocean plays an essential role in regulating global and regional climate, which is mainly achieved through sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) changes. Studies on global sea surface temperature

OPEN: A New Estimation of Global Ocean Heat Content for Upper 2000 Meters from Remote Sensing Data

An artificial neural network, combined with satellite data and gridded Argo product, is used to estimate the ocean heat content (OHC) anomalies over four different depths down to 2000 m covering the near-global ocean, excluding the polar regions.

Subsurface Temperature Reconstruction for the Global Ocean from 1993 to 2020 Using Satellite Observations and Deep Learning

The reconstruction of the ocean’s 3D thermal structure is essential to the study of ocean interior processes and global climate change. Satellite remote sensing technology can collect large-scale,

Geological Oceanography of the Pliocene Warm Period: A Review with Predictions on the Future of Global Warming

  • Markes E. Johnson
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Journal of Marine Science and Engineering
  • 2021
Atmospheric carbon dioxide reached a record concentration of 419 parts per million in May 2021, 50% higher than preindustrial levels at 280 parts per million. The rise of CO2 as a heat-trapping gas

Interannual Variability and Trends of Sea Surface Temperature Around Southern South America

The interannual variability and trends of sea surface temperature (SST) around southern South America are studied from 1982 to 2017 using monthly values of the Optimally Interpolation SST version 2



2018 Continues Record Global Ocean Warming

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China 2University of St. Thomas, School of Engineering, Minnesota 55105, USA 3National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado 80307, USA

2017 was the warmest year on record for the global ocean

2017 was the warmest year on record for the global ocean according to an updated Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IAP, CAS; http://english. ocean analysis.

Evolution of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and global atmospheric surface temperatures

[1] The origins of the delayed increases in global surface temperature accompanying El Nino events and the implications for the role of diabatic processes in El Nino–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) are

Evolution of Ocean Heat Content Related to ENSO

As the strongest interannual perturbation to the climate system, El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) dominates the year-to-year variability of the ocean energy budget. Here we combine ocean

Observed Interhemispheric Meridional Heat Transports and the Role of the Indonesian Throughflow in the Pacific Ocean

The net surface energy flux is computed as a residual of the energy budget using top-of-atmosphere radiation combined with the divergence of the column-integrated atmospheric energy transports, and

The global ocean imprint of ENSO

The ENSO‐related spatial patterns and global averages of ocean temperature, salinity, and steric height are estimated from over 7 years of Argo data, 2004–2011. Substantial extratropical variability

Meridional Oceanic Heat Transport Influences Marine Heatwaves in the Tasman Sea on Interannual to Decadal Timescales

Marine heatwaves pose an increasing threat to the ocean’s wellbeing as global warming progresses. Forecasting marine heatwaves is challenging due to the various factors that affect their occurrence,

Sea Level Rise and Implications for Low-Lying Islands, Coasts and Communities

Do Not Cite, Quote or Distribute 4-1 Total pages: 139 1 Chapter 4: Sea Level Rise and Implications for Low Lying Islands, Coasts and Communities 2 3 Coordinating Lead Authors: Michael Oppenheimer

Insights into Earth’s Energy Imbalance from Multiple Sources

AbstractThe current Earth’s energy imbalance (EEI) can best be estimated from changes in ocean heat content (OHC), complemented by top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiation measurements and an assessment of

World ocean heat content and thermosteric sea level change (0–2000 m), 1955–2010

We provide updated estimates of the change of ocean heat content and the thermosteric component of sea level change of the 0–700 and 0–2000 m layers of the World Ocean for 1955–2010. Our estimates