Reconstructive nature of temporal memory for movie scenes

  title={Reconstructive nature of temporal memory for movie scenes},
  author={Matteo Frisoni and Monica Di Ghionno and Roberto Guidotti and Annalisa Tosoni and Carlo Sestieri},

Effects of a narrative template on memory for the time of movie scenes: automatic reshaping is independent of consolidation

Memory for time is influenced by reconstructive processes, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The present study investigated whether the effect of schematic prior knowledge on temporal

Memory for spatio-temporal contextual details during the retrieval of naturalistic episodes

It is concluded that the mechanisms governing episodic memory retrieval can operate across a wide range of spatio-temporal contexts and that the multi-dimensional nature of the episodic traces contributes to the subjective experience of retrieval.

Structuring time: The hippocampus constructs sequence memories that generalize temporal relations across experiences

It is demonstrated that mnemonic construction and the generalization of relational knowledge combine in the hippocampus, consistent with the simulation of scenarios from episodic details and structural knowledge.

Mnemonic construction and representation of temporal structure in the hippocampal formation

It is demonstrated that mnemonic construction and the generalization of relational knowledge combine in the hippocampus, consistent with the simulation of scenarios from episodic details and structural knowledge.



They saw a movie: long-term memory for an extended audiovisual narrative.

This experimental paradigm is useful not only for the analysis of behavioral performance that results from encoding episodes in a continuous real-life-like situation, but also suitable for studying brain substrates and processes of real- life memory using functional brain imaging.

Memory for temporally dynamic scenes

Recognition memory was investigated for individual frames extracted from temporally continuous, visually rich film segments of 5–15 min, consistent with the view that memory at these shortest durations are consolidated with expectations drawn from the previous stream.

Event boundaries in perception affect memory encoding and updating.

Relations between how an ongoing activity is perceptually segmented into events and how those events are remembered a few seconds later are examined to indicate that perceptual event boundaries have immediate consequences for what, when, and how easily information can be remembered.

Re-Presentations of Space in Hollywood Movies: An Event-Indexing Analysis

It is shown that, when returning to a previously shown location, the re-establishing shot reduces both context and duration while remaining greater than the average shot, suggesting that film form is evolving to suit more rapid encoding of narrative events.

Representation of Real-World Event Schemas during Narrative Perception

A network of brain regions that is sensitive to the shared temporal structure of these naturalistic situations is revealed, including the posterior medial cortex, medial prefrontal cortex, and superior frontal gyrus, which exhibited schematic event patterns that generalized across stories, subjects, and modalities.

Neural pattern change during encoding of a narrative predicts retrospective duration estimates

These findings provide convergent support for the hypothesis that retrospective time judgments are driven by “drift” in contextual representations supported by the medial temporal lobes and prefrontal cortex.

Event Segmentation Improves Event Memory up to One Month Later

This study provides the first evidence that manipulating event segmentation affects memory over long delays and that individual differences inevent segmentation are related to differences in memory overLong delays.

A Specific Role of the Human Hippocampus in Recall of Temporal Sequences

This study is the first to unequivocally demonstrate that correct sequence recall depends on HF, and activation within the right HF was specifically related to retrieval of temporal order and correlated positively with accuracy of sequence recall.

Prefrontal and Medial Temporal Lobe Activity at Encoding Predicts Temporal Context Memory

Evidence implicating the rostrolateral PFC in the representation of time-varying contextual states in a manner similar to that proposed by computational theories of temporal context memory is revealed.