Reconstruction of inclined air showers detected with the Pierre Auger Observatory

@article{Aab2014ReconstructionOI,
  title={Reconstruction of inclined air showers detected with the Pierre Auger Observatory},
  author={T. P. A. C. A. Aab and P. Abreu and M. Aglietta and M. Ahlers and E. Ahn and I. A. Samarai and I. Albuquerque and I. Allekotte and J. Allen and P. Allison and A. Almela and J. Castillo and J. {\'A}lvarez-Mu{\~n}iz and R. Batista and M. Ambrosio and A. Aminaei and L. Anchordoqui and S. Andringa and C. Aramo and F. Arqueros and H. Asorey and P. Assis and J. Aublin and M. Ave and M. Avenier and G. Avila and A. Badescu and K. B. Barber and J. Bauml and C. Baus and J. Beatty and K. Becker and J. Bellido and C. B{\'e}rat and X. Bertou and P. Biermann and P. Billoir and F. Blanco and M. Blanco and C. Bleve and H. Blumer and M. Boh'avcov'a and D. Boncioli and C. Bonifazi and R. Bonino and N. Borodai and J. Brack and I. Brancus and P. Brogueira and W. C. Brown and P. Buchholz and A. Bueno and M. Buscemi and K. S. Caballero-Mora and B. Caccianiga and L. Caccianiga and M. Candusso and L. Caramete and R. Caruso and A. Castellina and G. Cataldi and L. Cazon and R. Cester and A. G. Chavez and S. Cheng and A. Chiavassa and J. Chinellato and J. Chudoba and M. Cilmo and R. Clay and G. Cocciolo and R. Colalillo and L. Collica and M. R. Coluccia and R. Conceiccao and F. Contreras and M. Cooper and S. Coutu and C. Covault and A. Criss and J. Cronin and A. Curutiu and R. Dallier and B. Daniel and S. Dasso and K. Daumiller and B. Dawson and R. Almeida and M. Domenico and S. Jong and J. M. Neto and I. Mitri and J. D. Oliveira and V. Souza and L. Peral and O. Deligny and H. Dembinski and N. Dhital and C. Giulio and A. Matteo and J. C. Diaz and M. Castro and P. Diệp and F. Diogo and C. Dobrigkeit and W. Docters and J. D'Olivo and P. N. Dong and A. Dorofeev and Q. Hasankiadeh and M. Dova and J. Ebr and R. Engel and M. Erdmann and M. Erfani and C. Escobar and J. Espadanal and A. Etchegoyen and P. S. Luis and H. Falcke and K. Fang and G. Farrar and A. Fauth and N. Fazzini and A. Ferguson and M. Fernandes and B. Fick and J. M. Figueira and A. Filevich and A. Filipvcivc and B. Fox and O. Fratu and U. Frohlich and B. Fuchs and T. Fuji and R. Gaior and B. Garc'ia and S. Roca and D. Garc{\'i}a-G{\'a}mez and D. Garc{\'i}a-Pinto and G. Garilli and A. Bravo and F. Gat{\'e} and H. Gemmeke and P. Ghia and U. Giaccari and M. Giammarchi and M. Giller and C. Glaser and H. Glass and F. G. Albarrac{\'i}n and M. G. Berisso and P. F. G. Vitale and P. Gonccalves and J. G. Gonzalez and B. Gookin and A. Gorgi and P. Gorham and P. Gouffon and S. Grebe and N. Griffith and A. Grillo and T. D. Grubb and Y. Guardincerri and F. Guarino and G. Guedes and P. Hansen and D. Harari and T. A. Harrison and J. Harton and A. Haungs and T. Hebbeker and D. Heck and P. Heimann and A. Herv{\'e} and G. Hill and C. Hojvat and N. Hollon and E. Holt and P. Homola and J. Horandel and P. Horvath and M. Hrabovsk'y and D. Huber and T. Huege and A. Insolia and P. G. Isar and K. Islo and I. Jandt and S. Jansen and C. Jarne and M. Josebachuili and A. Kaapa and O. Kambeitz and K. Kampert and P. Kasper and I. Katkov and B. K'egl and B. Keilhauer and A. Keivani and E. Kemp and R. M. Kieckhafer and H. Klages and M. Kleifges and J. Kleinfeller and R. Krause and N. Krohm and O. Kromer and D. Kruppke-Hansen and D. Kuempel and N. Kunka and G. Rosa and D. LaHurd and L. Latronico and R. Lauer and M. Lauscher and P. Lautridou and S. L. Coz and M. Leao and D. Lebrun and P. Lebrun and M. Oliveira and A. Letessier-Selvon and I. Lhenry-Yvon and K. Link and R. L'opez and A. Agera and K. Louedec and J. Bahilo and L. Lu and A. Lucero and M. Ludwig and H. Lyberis and M. Maccarone and M. Malacari and S. Maldera and J. Maller and D. Mand{\'a}t and P. Mantsch and A. Mariazzi and V. Marin and I. Marics and G. Marsella and D. Martello and L. Martin and H. Mart{\'i}nez and O. Bravo and D. Martraire and J. Meza and H. Mathes and S. Mathys and A. Matthews and J. Matthews and G. Matthiae and D. Maurel and D. Maurizio and E. Mayotte and P. Mazur and C. Medina and G. Medina-Tanco and M. Melissas and D. Melo and E. Menichetti and A. Menshikov and S. Messina and R. Meyhandan and S. Mi'canovi'c and M. I. Micheletti and L. Middendorf and I. A. Minaya and L. Miramonti and B. Mitrica and L. Molina-Bueno and S. Mollerach and M. Monasor and D. Ragaigne and F. Montanet and C. Morello and J. Moreno and M. Mostaf'a and C. Moura and M. Muller and G. Muller and M. Munchmeyer and R. Mussa and G. Navarra and S. Navas and P. Ne{\vc}esal and L. Nellen and A. Nelles and J. Neuser and D. Newton and M. Niechciol and L. Niemietz and T. Niggemann and D. Nitz and D. Nosek and V. Novotn{\'y} and L. Novzka and L. Ochilo and A. Olinto and V. Olmos-Gilbaja and M. Ortiz and N. Pacheco and D. Selmi-Dei and M. Palatka and J. Pallotta and N. Palmieri and P. Papenbreer and G. Parente and A. Parra and S. Pastor and T. Paul and M. Pech and J. Pcekala and R. Pelayo and I. Pepe and L. Perrone and R. Pesce and E. Petermann and C. Peters and S. Petrera and A. Petrolini and Y. Petrov and R. Piegaia and T. Pierog and P. Pieroni and M. Pimenta and V. Pirronello and M. Platino and M. Plum and A. Porcelli and C. Porowski and P. Privitera and M. Prouza and V. Purrello and E. Quel and S. Querchfeld and S. Quinn and J. Rautenberg and O. Ravel and D. Ravignani and B. Revenu and J. Ř{\'i}dk{\'y} and S. Riggi and M. Risse and P. Ristori and V. Rizi and J. Roberts and W. Carvalho and I. R. Cabo and G. Fernandez and J. Rojo and M. D. Rodr'iguez-Fr'ias and G. Ros and J. Rosado and T. Rossler and M. Roth and E. Roulet and A. Rovero and C. Ruhle and S. Saffi and A. Saftoiu and F. Salamida and H. Salazar and F. Greus and G. Salina and F. S'anchez and P. Sanchez-Lucas and C. E. Santo and E. Santos and F. Sarazin and B. Sarkar and R. Sarmento and R. Sato and N. Scharf and V. Scherini and H. Schieler and P. Schiffer and A. Schmidt and O. Scholten and H. Schoorlemmer and P. Schov'anek and A. Schulz and J. Schulz and S. Sciutto and A. Segreto and M. Settimo and A. Shadkam and R. Shellard and I. Sidelnik and G. Sigl and O. Sima and A. B. kowski and R. vSm'ida and G. Snow and P. Sommers and J. Sorokin and R. Squartini and Y. Srivastava and S. Stanivc and J. Stapleton and J. Stasielak and M. Stephan and A. Stutz and F. Suarez and T. Suomijarvi and A. Supanitsky and M. Sutherland and J. Swain and Z. Szadkowski and M. Szuba and O. A. Taborda and A. Tapia and M. Tartare and N. Thao and V. M. Theodoro and J. Tiffenberg and C. Timmermans and C. Peixoto and G. Toma and L. Tom{\'a}nkov{\'a} and B. Tom{\'e} and A. Tonachini and G. T. Elipe and D. Machado and P. Tr{\'a}vn{\'i}{\vc}ek and E. Trovato and M. Tueros and R. Ulrich and M. Unger and M. Urban and J. Galicia and I. Vali{\~n}o and L. Valore and G. V. Aar and A. D. Berg and S. V. Velzen and A. V. Vliet and E. Varela and B. C'ardenas and G. Varner and J. R. V'azquez and R. V'azquez and D. Veberivc and V. Verzi and J. Vicha and M. Videla and L. Villase{\~n}or and B. Vlcek and S. Vorobiov and H. Wahlberg and O. Wainberg and D. Walz and A. A. Watson and M. Weber and K. Weidenhaupt and A. Weindl and F. Werner and B. Whelan and A. Widom and L. Wiencke and B. Wilczy'nska and H. Wilczynski and M. Will and C. Williams and T. Winchen and D. Wittkowski and B. Wundheiler and S. Wykes and T. Yamamoto and T. Yapici and P. Younk and G. Yuan and A. Yushkov and B. Zamorano and E. Zas and D. Zavrtanik and M. Zavrtanik and I. Zaw and A. Zepeda and J. Zhou and Y. Zhu and M. Silva and M. Ziolkowski},
  journal={Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
  year={2014},
  volume={2014},
  pages={019}
}
We describe the method devised to reconstruct inclined cosmic-ray air showers with zenith angles greater than 60 degrees detected with the surface array of the Pierre Auger Observatory. The measured signals at the ground level are fitted to muon density distributions predicted with atmospheric cascade models to obtain the relative shower size as an overall normalization parameter. The method is evaluated using simulated showers to test its performance. The energy of the cosmic rays is… Expand
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