Reconstruction of Prehistoric Landfall Frequencies of Catastrophic Hurricanes in Northwestern Florida from Lake Sediment Records

  title={Reconstruction of Prehistoric Landfall Frequencies of Catastrophic Hurricanes in Northwestern Florida from Lake Sediment Records},
  author={Kam‐biu Liu and Miriam Lee Fearn},
  journal={Quaternary Research},
  pages={238 - 245}
Sediment cores from Western Lake provide a 7000-yr record of coastal environmental changes and catastrophic hurricane landfalls along the Gulf Coast of the Florida Panhandle. Using Hurricane Opal as a modern analog, we infer that overwash sand layers occurring near the center of the lake were caused by catastrophic hurricanes of category 4 or 5 intensity. Few catastrophic hurricanes struck the Western Lake area during two quiescent periods 3400–5000 and 0–1000 14C yr B.P. The landfall… 
Sedimentary evidence of hurricane strikes in western Long Island, New York
Evidence of historical landfalling hurricanes and prehistoric storms has been recovered from backbarrier environments in the New York City area. Overwash deposits correlate with landfalls of the most
Discussion of “Prehistoric Landfall Frequencies of Catastrophic Hurricanes…” (Liu and Fearn, 2000)
  • E. G. Otvos
  • Environmental Science
    Quaternary Research
  • 2002
Correct identification of storm deposits could aid in prehistoric climate reconstructions and in assessing coastal hazards. Otvos and Price (2001) recognized that as recently as the middle Holocene,
Palaeohurricane reconstructions from sedimentary archives along the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea and western North Atlantic Ocean margins
Abstract Hurricanes annually threaten the Atlantic Ocean margins. Historical hurricane records are relatively short and palaeohurricane sedimentary archives provide a geological and climatic context
Lake Sediment Evidence of Coastal Geologic Evolution and Hurricane History from Western Lake, Florida: Reply to Otvos
Otvos questions our interpretation of the overwash origin of the sand layers we found in the sediment cores of Lake Shelby and Western Lake and raises six questions about our reconstructed history of
Coastal lake-sediment records of prehistoric hurricane strikes in Honduras and Turks and Caicos Islands of the Caribbean basin
This study seeks to apply the geological method of paleotempestology to reconstruct past hurricane activities for Central America and the Caribbean. Landfalling hurricanes may deposit distinct
Records of prehistoric hurricanes on the South Carolina coast based on micropaleontological and sedimentological evidence, with comparison to other Atlantic Coast records
Singleton Swash on the South Carolina coast provides an extended record of storm events for this coast. We used experience gained by looking at storm traces detected as layers of offshore
Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey
Nine Vibracores from the backbarrier marsh at Whale Beach, New Jersey, reveal three large-scale overwash deposits associated with historic and prehistoric storms. The uppermost and smallest overwash


Lake-sediment record of late Holocene hurricane activities from coastal Alabama
Coastal lake sediments contain a stratigraphically and chronologically distinct record of major hurricane strikes during late Holocene time. Frederic—a category 3 hurricane that struck the Alabama
Quaternary Terraces and Shorelines of the Panhandle Florida Region
ABSTRAC The northeastern Gulf of Mexico coast etains a relatively undisturbed record of paleoshoreline deposits dating from the late Tertiary to the present The excellent preservatIOn of these
Channel trenching and climatic change in the southern U.S. Great Plains
  • S. Hall
  • Environmental Science, Geology
  • 1990
Fifteen alluvial sequences in Texas and Oklahoma exhibit the same late Holocene record of channel trenching at 1 ka. The erosion was preceded by slow alluvial sedimentation in most stream valleys,
Reconstruction of Caribbean climate change over the past 10,500 years
SEDIMENT cores from low-latitude lakes provide some of the best records of tropical climate change since the late Pleistocene. Here we report a high-resolution reconstruction of Caribbean climate
Radiocarbon-controlled stratigraphic data from Owasco Lake valley, New York, document two cycles of relative lake-level change during the Holocene in response to regional variations in effective
Regional aridity in North America during the middle Holocene
Increased aridity throughout the Great Plains and Rocky Mountain region during the middle Holo cene has been documented from pollen records, aeolian proxy variables in lake cores, and active sand
We present a new mean-high-water curve for Hammock River marsh, Clinton, Connecticut, obtained by improving the age model for an existing record of relative marsh elevation based on foraminiferal