Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny

  title={Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny},
  author={Timothy Y. James and Frank Kauff and Conrad L. Schoch and P. Brandon Matheny and Val{\'e}rie Hofstetter and Cymon J. Cox and Gail J Celio and C{\'e}cile Gueidan and Emily Fraker and Jolanta Miadlikowska and H. Thorsten Lumbsch and Alexandra Rauhut and Valérie Reeb and A. Elizabeth Arnold and Anja Amtoft and Jason E. Stajich and Kentaro Hosaka and Gi-Ho Sung and Desiree Johnson and Ben O’Rourke and Michael Crockett and Manfred Binder and Judd M. Curtis and Jason C. Slot and Zhen Wang and Andrew W. Wilson and Arthur Sch{\"u}{\ss}ler and Joyce E. Longcore and Kerry O’Donnell and Sharon E Mozley-Standridge and David L. Porter and Peter M. Letcher and Martha J. Powell and John W. Taylor and Merlin M White and Gareth W. Griffith and David R. Davies and Richard A. Humber and Joseph B. Morton and Junta Sugiyama and Amy Y. Rossman and Jack D. Rogers and Donald H. Pfister and David Hewitt and Karen Hansen and Sarah Hambleton and Robert A. Shoemaker and J. J. Kohlmeyer and Brigitte Volkmann-Kohlmeyer and Robert Allen Spotts and Maryna Serdani and Pedro W. Crous and Karen W Hughes and Kenji Matsuura and Ewald Johannes Langer and Gitta Langer and Wendy A. Untereiner and Robert L{\"u}cking and Burkhard B{\"u}del and David M. Geiser and Andr{\'e} Aptroot and Paul Diederich and Imke Schmitt and Matthias Schultz and Rebecca Yahr and David S. Hibbett and François Lutzoni and David J. McLaughlin and Joseph W. Spatafora and Rytas Vilgalys},
The ancestors of fungi are believed to be simple aquatic forms with flagellated spores, similar to members of the extant phylum Chytridiomycota (chytrids). Current classifications assume that chytrids form an early-diverging clade within the kingdom Fungi and imply a single loss of the spore flagellum, leading to the diversification of terrestrial fungi. Here we develop phylogenetic hypotheses for Fungi using data from six gene regions and nearly 200 species. Our results indicate that there may… 
A multigene phylogeny of Olpidium and its implications for early fungal evolution
This study provides strong support for Olpidium as the closest living flagellated relative of the terrestrial fungi.
Evolutionary biology: A kingdom revised
The last common ancestor of all fungi is reconstructed as a flagellated, partially amoeboid and probably parasitic organism, rather like Rozella allomycis, a parasite in water-living fungi and algae.
Multigene phylogeny of Endogonales, an early diverging lineage of fungi associated with plants
This work generated a multigene phylogeny of Endogonales using sporophores collected over the past three decades from four continents and shows that Endogsonales harbour significant undescribed diversity and form two deeply divergent and well-supported phylogenetic clades, which are delimit as the families Endog onaceae and Densosporaceae fam.
2 Genomics to Study Basal Lineage Fungal Biology: Phylogenomics Suggests a Common Origin
New insights suggest a revision of the understanding of the genome evolution and architecture, revealing fascinating novelties that qualify the basal fungi as an outstanding and unique fungal group deserving much more attention from the scientific community.
Phylogenomic Analyses Indicate that Early Fungi Evolved Digesting Cell Walls of Algal Ancestors of Land Plants
Shared pectinases of Dikarya and Gonapodya provide evidence that even ancient aquatic fungi had adapted to extract nutrients from the plants in the green lineage, and imply the geological timing of the plant–fungus association is 750 million years old.
The Fungal Tree of Life: from Molecular Systematics to Genome-Scale Phylogenies.
This article reviews the major phyla, subphyla, and classes of the kingdom Fungi and provides brief summaries of ecologies, morphologies, and exemplar taxa and examples of how molecular phylogenetics and evolutionary genomics have advanced the understanding of fungal evolution within each of the phyla and some of the major classes.


A new fungal phylum, the Glomeromycota: phylogeny and evolution * * Dedicated to Manfred Kluge (Tech
The ecologically and economically important arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, crucial in the ecology and physiology of land plants, and the endocytobiotic fungus, Geosiphon pyriformis, are phylogenetically analysed by their small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene sequences and placed into a new monophyletic phylum, the Glomeromycota.
Phylogenetic divergence of the entomophthoralean fungi: Evidence from nuclear 18S ribosomal RNA gene sequences
To analyze the phylogeny and molecular evolution of the entomophthoralean fungi, we deter? mined the small subunit nuclear ribosomal RNA gene sequences for four representative species of the En-
The protistan origins of animals and fungi.
It is suggested that any further testing of the legitimacy of this taxon should, at the least, include data from opisthokont protists, and the results underline the critical position of these "animal-fungal allies" with respect to the origin and early evolution of animals and fungi.
Phylogeny of Opisthokonta and the evolution of multicellularity and complexity in Fungi and Metazoa
New sequence data indicate that choanoflagellates are a monophyletic rather than a paraphyletic assemblage that independently gave rise to animals and fungi as suggested by some authors and the nucleariid filose amoebae are the likely sister group to Fungi.
Molecular phylogeny, taxonomy, and evolution of Geosiphon pyriformis and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
Comprehensive small subunit (SSU) rRNA sequence analyses allow the erection of a new, molecular phylogeny-based taxonomic system for the AMF, including Geosiphon (Geosphonaceae).
Genome sequence and gene compaction of the eukaryote parasite Encephalitozoon cuniculi
The DNA sequences of the 11 chromosomes of the ∼2.9-megabase (Mb) genome of Encephalitozoon cuniculi are reported and it is hypothesize that microsporidia have retained a mitochondrion-derived organelle.