Reconstructing historical baselines for the Persian/Arabian Gulf Dugong, Dugong dugon (Mammalia: Sirena)

  title={Reconstructing historical baselines for the Persian/Arabian Gulf Dugong, Dugong dugon (Mammalia: Sirena)},
  author={Dalal Al-Abdulrazzak and Daniel Pauly},
  journal={Zoology in the Middle East},
  pages={102 - 95}
Retrospective estimates of historic abundances and distributions of marine organisms are crucial to understanding the anthropogenic impacts on the structure and species of coastal ecosystems, especially in the case of vulnerable species such as the Dugong (Dugong dugon. [] Key Method We create a ‘dugong discovery curve’ and compile global density estimates as proxies for the overall health of the population in the Gulf. We find that since 1950 dugong range may have contracted by one quarter, and despite…

Genetic diversity in a unique population of dugong (Dugong dugon) along the sea coasts of Thailand

Investigation of genetic diversity of dugongs in present times revealed that dugongs from the Andaman Sea and Gulf of Thailand exhibited more genetic variation in the first 12 years of the study compared to the last decade, likely due to increased population fragmentation.

Diversity, Distribution, and Density of Marine Mammals Along the Saudi Waters of the Arabian Gulf: Update From a Multi-Method Approach

Despite the important role of marine mammals in marine ecosystems and the imperative for their conservation, there is still a great lack of information on the diversity, distribution, and density of

Phylogeography of the dugong (Dugong dugon) based on historical samples identifies vulnerable Indian Ocean populations

The phylogeography of the dugong (Dugong dugon) across its original range is investigated using museum material from 14 natural history museum and university collections, which revealed several new and divergent mtDNA lineages in the Indian Ocean.

Dugongs' (Dugon Dugong) traditional values in Kenya; and their influence on their conservation.

Purpose: This study aimed to assess Dugongs' status distribution of dugongs (Dugong dugon) in Kenya. A dugong is a herbivorous marine mammal of the tropical and subtropical Indo-West Pacific and the

Microsatellite Polymorphism and the Population Structure of Dugongs (Dugong dugon) in Thailand

Simple Summary For this study, skin samples were analyzed from 77 individual stranded dugongs collected in Thai waters from 1994–2019 using six microsatellite markers to assess the genetic diversity

The state of biodiversity in Kuwait

  • Z. Amr
  • Environmental Science
  • 2021
This report is based on extensive literature search to reveal the elements of animal and plan biodiversity in the State of Kuwait, and points out missing information on other little-known groups.




Recent studies have estimated the historical abundance of large marine vertebrates to determine potential targets for conservation. We evaluated this approach using 1990s aerial survey estimates of

Are dugongs , Dugong dugon , in the Arabian Gulf safe ?

In 1986, a survey conducted by the Saudi Arabian Meteorological and Environmental Protection Administration (MEPA) established an estimated population of dugongs in the Arabian Gulf of 7307 1302 S.E.

Distribution and Abundance of Dugongs in the Northern Great Barrier Reef Marine Park

In 1984 and 1985, dugongs were censused from the air at an overall sampling intensity of 9% over a total area of 31 288 km2 within the northern sections of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, and the resultant population estimate was 8110 ± 1073 dugongs.

Aligning conservation and research priorities for proactive species and habitat management: the case of dugongs Dugong dugon in Johor, Malaysia

Abstract Conservation efforts use scientific data to provide an adaptive framework wherein habitat and wildlife sustainability can co-exist with human activities. Good science informs decision-makers

The Growing Need for Sustainable Ecological Management of Marine Communities of the Persian Gulf

An excellent opportunity exists for one or more of the bordering countries to initiate a bold and effective, long-term, international collaboration in environmental management for the Gulf.

The Gulf: a young sea in decline.

Maria Lourdes D. Palomares, Elizabeth Mohammed, and Daniel Pauly on European Expeditions as a Source of Historic Abundance Data on Marine Organisms: A Case Study of the Falkland Islands

IN READING THE narratives of historic seagoing expeditions, we came to realize that observations made by early naturalists provide usable data on relative abundance, size, and habitat, feeding

Dugong : status reports and action plans for countries and territories

The dugong (Dugong dugon) is the only herbivorous mammal that is strictly marine. It has a range spanning some 37 countries, including tropical and subtropical coastal and island waters. This plan


In 2000 and 2001, dugong abundance was estimated using aerial surveys in three provinces along the Andaman coast of Thailand. A microlite aircraft was used to fly aerial transects over seagrass