Reconsidering the Middle: A Reply to Martin Gilens

  title={Reconsidering the Middle: A Reply to Martin Gilens},
  author={Peter Enns},
M artin Gilens and I agree that because of their similar policy preferences, both median-income and affluent respondents “fairly often get the policies they favor.” We also agree that “democracy by coincidence” can hold normatively concerning implications (refer to both of our conclusions). We disagree, however, on the extent and implications of this coincidental representation. In his reply, Gilens states, “There simply is not enough coincidence of policy outcomes and middle-class preferences… CONTINUE READING


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