Reconsidering autistic ‘camouflaging’ as transactional impression management

  title={Reconsidering autistic ‘camouflaging’ as transactional impression management},
  author={Weining Ai and William A. Cunningham and Meng-Chuan Lai},
  journal={Trends in Cognitive Sciences},
4 Citations

A comparison of methods for measuring camouflaging in autism.

  • B. HannonW. MandyLaura Hull
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research
  • 2022
A parent-report version of the Camouflaging Autistic Traits Questionnaire (CAT-Q) was created and evaluated its concurrent validity in autistic young people by examining associations with the self-report CAT-Q and a discrepancy measure.



Social Camouflaging in Autistic and Neurotypical Adolescents: A Pilot Study of Differences by Sex and Diagnosis.

Differences emerged on behaviors labeled as masking and assimilation, subcomponents of camouflaging, with females appearing more similar to their neurotypical peers on behaviors related to social awareness.

Camouflaging in Autistic and Non-autistic Adolescents in the Modern Context of Social Media.

This mixed-methods study explored camouflaging behaviours in offline and online contexts with 40 autistic and 158 non-autistic adolescents to extend understanding of camouflaging in adolescents and indicates that in the offline context, autistic adolescents camouflage more than non-Autistic adolescents.

Camouflaging in an everyday social context: An interpersonal recall study

This study shows how autistic people often change their behaviour because of the way they are treated by nonautistic people and that autistic people may benefit from programmes that help them to socialise in more authentically autistic ways, but only if their autistic social behaviour is met with understanding and acceptance from non-autisticPeople.

Understanding the Reasons, Contexts and Costs of Camouflaging for Autistic Adults

Findings indicated a gender difference in reasons for camouflaging, with autistic women more likely to endorse “conventional” reasons (e.g. getting by in formal settings such as work), which have implications for understanding camouflaging in autistic adults.

Understanding Camouflaging as a Response to Autism-Related Stigma: A Social Identity Theory Approach

Findings demonstrate how stigma contributes to camouflaging and highlight the complexities of navigating autistic identity while still camouflaging.

Self-reported camouflaging behaviours used by autistic adults during everyday social interactions

The detailed and specific information provided by autistic adults about camouflaging behaviours generated important new insights into the ways in which autistic people adapt to, cope within and influence the neurotypical (non-autistic) social world.

“Putting on My Best Normal”: Social Camouflaging in Adults with Autism Spectrum Conditions

Examination of camouflaging experiences in 92 adults with ASC found that motivations for camouflaging included fitting in and increasing connections with others, and short- and long-term consequences of camouflage included exhaustion, challenging stereotypes, and threats to self-perception.

"You Must Become a Chameleon to Survive": Adolescent Experiences of Camouflaging.

Results revealed trends in camouflaging motivations and consequences by diagnosis and sex, as well as by sex within the autistic group, which further inform the understanding of camouflaging and why it may be reported as particularly detrimental for autistic females.

Commentary: 'Camouflaging' in autistic people - reflection on Fombonne (2020).

It is argued that establishing construct validity and measurement of different aspects of camouflaging is warranted, and that taking into account sex and gender influences in development is crucial to understand behavioural manifestations of autism.