Reconsidering Precolumbian Human Colonization in the Galápagos Islands, Republic of Ecuador

  title={Reconsidering Precolumbian Human Colonization in the Gal{\'a}pagos Islands, Republic of Ecuador},
  author={Atholl Anderson and Karen Elizabeth Stothert and Helene Martinsson-Wallin and Paul Wallin and Iona Flett and Simon Graeme Haberle and Henk Heijnis and Edward Rhodes},
  journal={Latin American Antiquity},
  pages={169 - 183}
Fifty years ago, Heyerdahl and Skjølsvold (1956, 1990) collected material from five archaeological sites in the Galápagos Islands. They retained earthenwares of possible precolumbian origin and discarded ceramic, metal, and glass artifacts postdating the arrival of the Spanish in A.D. 1535. Consequently, they argued that each site was formed as the results of a series of discard events from unrelated short-term occupations extending from the precolumbian to the historical era, and that the… 

Environmental and historical archaeology of the Galápagos islands: archaeobotany of Hacienda El Progreso, 1870–1920

  • F. Astudillo
  • Environmental Science
    Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
  • 2018
The initial relationships between the first human colonizers and the native vegetation of Isla San Cristóbal, Galápagos, were studied by the analyses of wood charcoal, plant macro-remains, phytoliths

IRSL dating of fast-fading sanidine feldspars from Sulawesi, Indonesia

The volcanic origin of the sediments from Sulawesi, Indonesia, provides a particular challenge for luminescence dating due to the dim optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) from quartz, and the

Grasping at straws: a re‐evaluation of sweepstakes colonisation of islands by mammals

A descriptive account of some of the most critical issues underlying the theory of natural rafting that should be addressed by its supporters and suggests that a distributional analysis is a more suitable approach than the use of geometric probability to calculate the probabilities associated with the examined data.

Mapping the history of sailing

A chronological worldwide map of sailing history is presented, emphasizing when sailing as a technology/activity appeared for the first time in each coast of the world, due to local invention,

The Hitchhiker Wave: Non-native Small Terrestrial Vertebrates in the Galapagos

Humans have translocated thousands of species of flora, fauna and microorganisms to places they would never have reached on their own. Non-native species may have effects on biological communities,

Spatial patterns and impact of habitat change on the vertebrate diversity of north-western South America

Over the past two centuries, humans have become a global force able to change natural ecosystems at rates previously unseen. Human-driven habitat change has been identified as the anthropogenic

Bayesian statistics in luminescence dating: The ’baSAR’-model and its implementation in the R package ’Luminescence’

A function named analyse baSAR() was written using the statistical programming language R and its code is now available within the R package ’Luminescence’. The function allows the application of

Geoconservation, Geotourism and Sustainable Development in the Galapagos

The concept of nature experienced an important shift from the 19th into the early 20th century as people started to conceive conservation as a scientific and even professional endeavor. The tradition



First Highly Stratified Prehistoric Vertebrate Sequence from the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

We report an assemblage of ca. 6900 vertebrate fossils from a preliminary excavation at Barn Owl Cave, Isla Floreana, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Age of this stratified deposit ranges from historic

Archaeological Evidence of Pre-Spanish. Visits to the Gálapagos Islands. Thor Heyerdahl and Arne Skjölsvold. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, No. 12, Salt Lake City, 1956. viii + 72 pp., 48 figs., 2 tables. $1.00.

  • S. Rydén
  • Political Science
    American Antiquity
  • 1958
It has to be emphatically stressed right from the beginning that it is difficult for me to evaluate Heyerdahl's and Skjolsvold's research on the Galapagos without having personally inspected the

Holocene vertebrate fossils from Isla Floreana, Galápagos

Steadman, David W. Holocene Vertebrate Fossils from Isla Floreana, Galapagos. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, number 413, 103 pages, 25 figures, 4 plates, 12 tables, 1986.—This study surveys

Advances in optically stimulated luminescence dating of individual grains of quartz from archeological deposits

Paleoanthropologists and archeologists interested in occupation histories, faunal remains, and objects of material culture have become increasingly reliant on optically stimulated luminescence (OSL)

Galápagos History, Restoration, and a Shifted Baseline

Analysis of modern and fossil pollen data from El Junco Crater Lake showed that two of the most common shrubs of the San Crist´ obal uplands, Acalypha and Alternanthera, were the most most common pollen types for more than two thousand years.

Impacts of climate variability and human colonization on the vegetation of the Galápagos Islands.

A high-resolution fossil pollen record from the Galápagos Islands, which spans the last 2690 years, reveals considerable ecosystem stability and paleoecological data suggested nonneutral responses to climatic forcing in this ecosystem prior to the period of human influence.

The bamboo raft as a key to the introduction of the sweet potato in prehistoric Polynesia

The idea that American Indians played no part in Polynesian prehistory originated with J.R. Forster, a companion of Cook on his second voyage. Forster made a comparative study of five Polynesian

Evolution's Workshop: God And Science On The Galapagos Islands

From the author of the Pulitzer Prize--winning Summer for the Gods, a vivid and very human story of the Galapagos Islands. More than any other place on Earth, the Galapagos Islands are the workshop

Historic fuel wood use in the Galápagos Islands: identification of charred remains

Charcoal fragments from five historic campsite locations in the Galápagos Islands were identified and radiocarbon dated to investigate postulated early human presence in the archipelago, historic