Reconsidering Evolved Sex Differences in Jealousy: Comment on Harris (2003)

  title={Reconsidering Evolved Sex Differences in Jealousy: Comment on Harris (2003)},
  author={Brad J Sagarin},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Review},
  pages={62 - 75}
  • B. Sagarin
  • Published 2005
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality and Social Psychology Review
In a recent article, Harris (2003) concluded that the data do not support the existence of evolved sex differences in jealousy. Harris' review correctly identifies fatal flaws in three lines of evidence (spousal abuse, homicide, morbid jealousy), but her criticism of two other lines of evidence (self-report responses, psychophysiological measures) is based, in part, on a mischaracterization of the evolutionary psychological theory and a misunderstanding of the empirical implications of the… Expand
Sex Differences in Jealousy
Abstract The theory of evolved sex differences in jealousy has emerged as one of evolutionary psychology's most prominent lines of research. In this paper, we offer a 25-year retrospective on theExpand
Sex Differences in Jealousy in Response to Actual Infidelity
The present studies address two criticisms of the theory of evolved sex differences in jealousy: (a) that the sex difference in jealousy emerges only in response to hypothetical infidelity scenarios,Expand
Sex differences in jealousy: a meta-analytic examination
The theory of evolved sex differences in jealousy predicts sex differences in responses to sexual infidelities and emotional infidelities. Critics have argued that such differences are absent inExpand
Between-Sex Differences in Romantic Jealousy: Substance or Spin? A Qualitative Analysis
  • Nicola J Fussell, B. Stollery
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Evolutionary psychology : an international journal of evolutionary approaches to psychology and behavior
  • 2012
The results of sixteen semi-structured interviews that were conducted with heterosexual men and women are reported with the purpose of exploring the emotions, cognitions and behaviors that formed their subjective, lived experience in response to relationship threat. Expand
Male and Female Jealousy, Still More Similar than Different: Reply to Sagarin (2005)
Harris (2003b), reviewing evidence for the Jealousy as a Specific Innate Module (JSIM) theory, concluded that overall there is no support for innate sex differences in jealousy over sexual andExpand
Evidence for conditional sex differences in emotional but not in sexual jealousy at the automatic level of cognitive processing
The two evolutionary psychological hypotheses that men react more jealous than women to sexual infidelity and women react more jealous than men to emotional infidelity are currently controversialExpand
Sex differences in jealousy: Misinterpretation of nonsignificant results as refuting the theory
Studies examining sex differences in jealousy using continuous measures have produced inconsistent findings. To explain these inconsistencies, this study critically evaluates the criterion used toExpand
Sex Differences in Jealousy: A Population-Based Twin Study in Sweden
It is shown for the first time that variance in jealousy is to some extent explained by genetic factors, and a highly significant sex effect on the relationship between infidelity types is seen, indicating that men, relative to women, reported greater jealousy in response to sexual infidelity than in responseto emotional infidelity. Expand
Sexual and Emotional Infidelity: Evolved Gender Differences in Jealousy Prove Robust and Replicable
  • D. Buss
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2018
The 1992 article Sex Differences in Jealousy: Evolution, Physiology, and Psychology reported three empirical studies using two different methods, forced-choice and physiological experiments that elevated the status of jealousy as an important emotion to be explained by any comprehensive theory of human emotions. Expand
[Sex differences in sexual versus emotional jealousy: evolutionary approach and recent discussions].
Sex differences in sexual and emotional jealousy will be explained according to the evolutionary theory, and the results of empirical studies and critiques of the evolutionary model will be given. Expand


Sex differences in jealousy: evolutionary mechanism or artifact of measurement?
Findings suggest that the sex difference used to support the evolutionary view of jealousy likely represents a measurement artifact resulting from a format-induced effortful decision strategy and not an automatic, sex-specific response shaped by evolution. Expand
A Review of Sex Differences in Sexual Jealousy, Including Self-Report Data, Psychophysiological Responses, Interpersonal Violence, and Morbid Jealousy
  • C. Harris
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2003
This article finds only one hypothetical measure consistent with the specific innate modular theory of jealousy, which is contradicted by a variety of other measures, and discusses the findings from a social-cognitive theoretical perspective. Expand
Gender differences in sexual jealousy: Adaptionist or social learning explanation?
Abstract It has often been speculated, and some evidence suggests, that men and women differ in the elicitation of jealousy: Men appear to be more likely than women to become upset over threats toExpand
Sex differences (and similarities) in jealousy: The moderating influence of infidelity experience and sexual orientation of the infidelity
Past demonstrations of sex differences in jealousy have generally employed Buss et al.’s [Psychol. Sci. 3 (1992) 251] forced-choice methodology, a limitation criticized by DeSteno and SaloveyExpand
Sex differences in the contexts of extreme jealousy
Research on sex differences in jealousy using continuous measures sometimes reveals that women report more intense jealousy than men in response to both sexual and emotional infidelity. Two studiesExpand
Male sexual jealousy
Abstract Sexual jealousy functions to defend paternity confidence and is therefore expected to be a ubiquitous aspect of male psychology. Several lines of evidence confirm this expectation.Expand
Evolutionary Origins of Sex Differences in Jealousy? Questioning the “Fitness” of the Model
Evolutionary psychology has become a popular framework for studying jealousy Much of this popularity can be attributed to work by Buss and his colleagues showing an apparent relation between anExpand
The Evolution of Sex Differences in Jealousy: Failure to Replicate Previous Results
Abstract The evolutionary account of jealousy predicts that men will experience more distress from incidences of sexual than emotional infidelity, whereas for women, the converse will hold true.Expand
Sex differences in human jealousy: A coordinated study of forced-choice, continuous rating-scale, and physiological responses on the same subjects
Abstract Previous investigators have confirmed the evolutionary hypothesis that the sexes differ in their responses to sexual vs. emotional infidelity and have taken their results as suggesting theExpand
Sexual jealousy as a facultative trait: Evidence from the pattern of sex differences in adults from China and the United States.
Abstract Across two studies, 716 and 308 undergraduate students from the United States and mainland China, respectively, were administered a series of measures on jealousy, emotional responses toExpand