Reconfiguring the Turkish nation in the 1930s

  title={Reconfiguring the Turkish nation in the 1930s},
  author={Soner Çaǧaptay},
  journal={Nationalism and Ethnic Politics},
  pages={67 - 82}
This article studies Turkish nationalism during the 1930s. In this decade of Kemalism par excellence or High Kemalism, the rise of ethnicist nationalism in Turkey was accompanied by the ascent of the ‘Turkish history thesis’. The article presents an analysis of Turkish nationalism in this era through Ankara's population resettlement policies. Consequently, it examines Turkish nationalism through the interaction between the Kemalist state and the country's minorities. 
Arabs in Kemalist Turkish Historiography
Depictions of Arabs and Islam in the Turkish historiography of the 1930s clearly indicate the secular and nationalist character of the new Turkish republic. However, if one looks at the official
Reimagination of Turkey: The Emergence and Challenges of Post-Kemalist Nation-State Identity (2001-2011)
This research investigates the emergence of Turkey’s post-Kemalist nation-state identity and its challenges in the post-9/11 era. By challenging the argument that there is essentially one
“Citizen, Speak Turkish!”: A Nation in the Making
This article analyzes one of the attempts to broaden the use of the Turkish language during the first two decades of the Turkish Republic in order to create a homogeneous nation-state. The “Citizen,
The Sociological Foundations of Turkish Nationalism
Abstract Although Ziya Gökalp was one of the most important intellectuals to shape Turkish nationalism, scholarship has not systematically examined the links between his sociological perspective and
Minority Policies in Bulgaria and Turkey: The Struggle to Define a Nation
This paper analyses how state policies towards minorities are defined in new nation‐states. It compares the treatment of Turks in Bulgaria and Kurds in Turkey from the foundation of both states until
Between citizenship and the millet: the Greek minority in republican Turkey
ABSTRACT As one of Turkey’s non-Muslim minorities, Turkey’s Greeks have faced substantial pressures since the founding of republican Turkey. As its members could not claim their constitutional rights
The elimination of Armenians and Greeks as part of Turkish nation building
Like many other instances of nation building, Turkish nation building was a violent process. However, accounts of it usually focus on its constructive side or deal only with aspects of its
Understanding Erdogan’s leadership in the «New Turkey»
In 2001, the rise of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in Turkey led to the emergence of a moderate path between Kemalist and Islamic wings. After a first term focused on foreign diplomacy,
Turkish Staatsvolk vs. Kurdish identity: Denial of the Kurds in Turkish school textbooks
ABSTRACT Under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the Turkish nation-state sought to Turkify all of its non-Turkic minorities. His well-known motto of “How happy is the one who says I am a Turk” became the
Militarisation of citizenship education curriculum in Turkey
ABSTRACT In response to the United Nation’s (UN) Decade for Human Rights Education initiative, the Turkish Ministry of National Education changed the title of citizenship education courses from


The North Caucasus Barrier: The Russian Advance Towards the Muslim World
This work deals with the history of the Muslim North Caucasus, one of the most rebellious colonial dominions left to Russia. The writings cover a span of four centuries, including Ivan the Terrible's
The Search for National Identity Among the Turks
One of the critical turning points in the process of social, political and intellectual transition in Turkey occurred at the time of the First World War. It was symbolized by the final and
Turkey: a Modern History
Introduction: periodization, theory and methodology. Part 1 Western influences and early attempts at modernization: the Ottoman Empire at the end of the 18th century between tradition and innovation
Ethnic Groups in the Republic of Turkey
This volume represents a supplement to the first volume, which appeared in 1989, and provided the documentation on which TAVO maps A VIII 14 a-b (Republic of Turkey: Rural Ethnic Minorities) were
The Republican People's Party
Will all or only some political parties die? This contribution adopts a historical perspective and argues that parties are products of modern industrial society. The post-modern forms of
The Young Turks