Reconciling observations of global temperature change

  title={Reconciling observations of global temperature change},
  author={Richard S Lindzen and Constantine Giannitsis},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},
It is suggested that the much publicized discrepancy between observed surface global mean temperature and global mean atmospheric temperature from 1979 to the present may be due to the fact that the atmosphere underwent a jump in temperature in 1976 (before the satellite temperature series began), and that the surface response was delayed for about a decade due to the ocean heat capacity. The ocean delay depends on both climate sensitivity and vertical heat transport within the ocean. It is… 
Reconciling Observations of Global Temperature Change: 2013
In 2000 a panel of the U.S. National Research Council in a report with the same title suggested, among other things, that a “substantial disparity remains” between the observed warming rates of the
Altitude dependence of atmospheric temperature trends: Climate models versus observation
As a consequence of greenhouse forcing, all state‐of‐the‐art general circulation models predict a positive temperature trend that is greater for the troposphere than the surface. This predicted
Inconsistency of Modeled and Observed Tropical Temperature Trends
Consistency or lack thereof between observed temperature trends and those predicted by Global Circulation Models (GCMs) are a contentious though important issue. The lack of consistency between
A comparison of tropical temperature trends with model predictions
We examine tropospheric temperature trends of 67 runs from 22 ‘Climate of the 20th Century’ model simulations and try to reconcile them with the best available updated observations (in the tropics
Influence of Patterns of Climate Variability on the Difference between Satellite and Surface Temperature Trends
During the past 20 years, satellite measurements of tropospheric temperature have shown a slower rate of global temperature increase than surface air temperature, yielding an increase in the surface
Global Warming Trend of Mean Tropospheric Temperature Observed by Satellites
We have analyzed the global tropospheric temperature for 1978 to 2002 with the use of passive microwave sounding data from the NOAA series of polar orbiters and the Earth Observing System Aqua
Disparity of tropospheric and surface temperature trends: New evidence
Observations suggest that the earth's surface has been warming relative to the troposphere for the last 25 years; this is not only difficult to explain but also contrary to the results of climate
A stable boundary layer perspective on global temperature trends
One of the most significant signals in the thermometer-observed temperature record since 1900 is the decrease in the diurnal temperature range over land, largely due to warming of the minimum
Stratospheric temperature trends: our evolving understanding
We review the scientific literature since the 1960s to examine the evolution of modeling tools and observations that have advanced understanding of global stratospheric temperature changes.
Likelihood of rapidly increasing surface temperatures unaccompanied by strong warming in the free troposphere
Recent model simulations of the effects of increasing greenhouse gases combined with other anthropogenic effects predicted larger rates of warming in the mid and upper troposphere than near the


Evidence for Large Decadal Variability in the Tropical Mean Radiative Energy Budget
New evidence is presented that the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) tropical radiative energy budget is much more dynamic and variable than previously thought and the results indicate that the radiation budget changes are caused by changes in tropical mean cloudiness.
The role of deep sea heat storage in the secular response to climatic forcing
The influence of the world oceans on climatic response is considered here with emphasis on the heat transferred to waters beneath the well-mixed surface layer and to polar bottom water forming zones.
On the climatic implications of volcanic cooling
A simple energy balance model is used to investigate the response to a volcanic-type radiative forcing under different assumptions about the climatic sensitivity of the system. Volcanic eruptions are
Evidence for Strengthening of the Tropical General Circulation in the 1990s
By analyzing temporal changes in the frequency of occurrence of emitted thermal and reflected solar fluxes, the effects of El Niño–Southern Oscillation are minimized, and an independent longer-time-scale variation of the radiation budget is identified.
Quantifying Uncertainties in Climate System Properties with the Use of Recent Climate Observations
We derive joint probability density distributions for three key uncertain properties of the climate system, using an optimal fingerprinting approach to compare simulations of an intermediate
The greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect on the Earth is identified by the difference between the effective radiating temperature of the planet and its surface temperature. The difference between the energy emitted by
MSU Tropospheric Temperatures: Dataset Construction and Radiosonde Comparisons
Abstract Two deep-layer tropospheric temperature products, one for the lower troposphere (T2LT) and one for the midtroposphere (T2, which includes some stratospheric emissions), are based on the
Does The Earth Have an Adaptive Infrared Iris
Abstract Observations and analyses of water vapor and clouds in the Tropics over the past decade show that the boundary between regions of high and low free–tropospheric relative humidity is sharp,
The Greenhouse Effect
I've joined the nonconformists and would like to suggest one more string to their bowone more option that has received very little notice of late.