Reconciling food production and biodiversity conservation: land sharing and land sparing compared.

  title={Reconciling food production and biodiversity conservation: land sharing and land sparing compared.},
  author={Ben Phalan and Malvika Onial and Andrew Balmford and Rhys E Green},
  volume={333 6047},
The question of how to meet rising food demand at the least cost to biodiversity requires the evaluation of two contrasting alternatives: land sharing, which integrates both objectives on the same land; and land sparing, in which high-yield farming is combined with protecting natural habitats from conversion to agriculture. To test these alternatives, we compared crop yields and densities of bird and tree species across gradients of agricultural intensity in southwest Ghana and northern India… CONTINUE READING
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