Reconciliation ecology and the future of species diversity

  title={Reconciliation ecology and the future of species diversity},
  author={Michael L. Rosenzweig},
  pages={194 - 205}
Species-area relationships (SPARs) dictate a sea change in the strategies of biodiversity conservation. SPARs exist at three ecological scales: Sample-area SPARs (a larger area within a biogeographical province will tend to include more habitat types, and thus more species, than a smaller one), Archipelagic SPARs (the islands of an archipelago show SPARs that combine the habitat-sampling process with the problem of dispersal to an island), and Interprovincial SPARs (other things being equal… 
Conservation Biogeography: assessment and prospect
The role played by biogeographical science in the emergence of conservation guidance is examined and the case for the recognition of Conservation Biogeography as a key subfield of conservation biology delimited as both a substantial body of theory and analysis is made.
Crenic habitats, hotspots for freshwater biodiversity conservation: toward an understanding of their ecology
The authors of papers in this special issue describe specific spring biota, including multitaxon studies, and discuss the role of environmental factors, habitat variability at different spatial and temporal scales, and the importance of natural and anthropogenic disturbance in spring habitats.
An ecological telescope to view future terrestrial vertebrate diversity
The influences of area and climate are combined in a mathematical model that fits known global terrestrial vertebrate species diversities and finds the regression equations that best fit the numbers of species.
Global amphibian declines have winners and losers
  • R. A. Pyron
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2018
The authors find that species’ responses to habitat conversion are phylogenetically conserved, likely related to traits that affect microhabitat use, which results in nonrandom shifts in phylogenetic community structure, homogenizing communities and decreasing overall species-richness in the global pool of biodiversity.
Variation in species losses from islands: artifacts, extirpation rates, or pre-fragmentation diversity?
  • D. B. Gurd
  • Environmental Science
    Ecological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America
  • 2006
Analysis of six archipelagos indicates that the diversity of mammals in two regions of North America is currently below steady state, probably due to the extinction of mammals and glacial retreat during the late Pleistocene, and presents a new species-area relationship for islands formed by fragmentation that replaces the parameter c with a rotation point.
Canals as ecological corridors and hybridization zones for two cyprinid species
Predicted increases in the human population, in a context of climatic change and limiting freshwater resources, have raised awareness of the need to preserve aquatic ecosystems, their functions, and
Trade‐Offs between Species Conservation and the Size of Marine Protected Areas
Differences in SARs help demonstrate trade-offs between species representation and coastal area and suggest strategies that may minimize the size of marine protected areas (MPAs) but protect diversity at the level of the community and functional group.
Golestan National Park zoning re-evaluation based on higher species richness hotspots
n recent decades, the rate of extinction of species has been increased continually all over the world and lack of effective and efficient conservation strategies will lead to extinction of a large
Island species–area relationships and species accumulation curves are not equivalent: an analysis of habitat island datasets
Aim The relationship between species number and area is of fundamental importance in macroecology and conservation science, yet the implications of different means of quantitative depiction of the
Habitat loss over six decades accelerates regional and local biodiversity loss via changing landscape connectance
This work uses a unique data set on invertebrate species in ponds spanning six decades of habitat loss to show that both regional and local species richness declined, indicating that species loss is compounded by habitat loss via connectivity loss, and not a result of a sampling process or changes in local environmental conditions.


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The prevalence of nested subset patterns in assemblages shaped by both extinction and colonization indicates that this type of structure may be a more general property of communities, rather that a specific attribute of islands undergoing biotic relaxation.
The echo pattern of species diversity: pattern and processes
Ecologists need not despair ot discovering the mechanisms that lead to large scale patterns. The search for process at higher scales has already led to enhanced confidence in the patterns and to
Understanding the multifaceted relationship between biodiversity and land- use intensity is key to conservation policy. To begin to characterize this relationship in a tropical region, we
Estimating Diversity in Unsampled Habitats of a Biogeographical Province
Three of these extrapolation estimators produced good estimates of total diversity even when limited to 10% of the ecoregions, and must be duplicated at other scales and for other taxa and in other provinces.
A kinetic model of Phanerozoic taxonomic diversity I. Analysis of marine orders
This model appears to describe adequately the “explosive” diversification of known metazoan orders across the Precambrian-Cambrian Boundary, suggesting that no special event, other than the initial appearance of Metazoa, is necessary to explain this phenomenon.
The evolutionary impact of invasive species
  • H. Mooney, E. Cleland
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
This work explores the nature of these recent biotic exchanges and their consequences on evolutionary processes, and shows how flexibility in behavior, and mutualistic interactions, can aid in the success of invaders in their new environment.
Patterns of Tropical Vertebrate Frugivore Diversity
The production of fleshy fruits by angiosperms and their consumption by a diverse array of vertebrates is a quintessential tropical phenomenon. Although fleshy fruits are produced by many kinds of
The Future of Biodiversity
Estimates of future extinctions are hampered by the authors' limited knowledge of which areas are rich in endemics, and regions rich in species found only within them (endemics) dominate the global patterns of extinction.
A unified theory for macroecology based on spatial patterns of abundance
The structure of abundance across a species’ entire range combined with interspecific patterns in range location and global abundance can explain the well-known macroecological patterns of a positive correlation between range size and abundance.