Association between MMP3 and TIMP3 polymorphisms and risk of osteoarthritis
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) plays an essential role in the regulation of bone metabolism. Here we report that recombinant tissue metalloproteinase inhibitor-3 (TIMP-3) protein induces the apoptosis of MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts. Cell apoptosis was detected by sandwich-enzyme-immunoassay. Fas and Fasl protein levels were determined by Western blot analysis. The enzyme substrate was used to assess the activation of caspase-3 and caspase-8. The phosphorylation of JNK, p38 and ERK1/2 was examined by Western blot analysis. The ELISA suggested that TIMP-3 promoted MC3T3-E1 cell apoptosis. TIMP-3 treatment induced the expression of Fas and Fasl proteins, and the activation of caspase-8 and caspase-3. TIMP-3 treatment induced p38 and ERK phosphorylation. SB203580 and PD98059, the inhibitor of p38 and ERK, respectively, abolished the TIMP-3 effect on osteoblast apoptosis. In conclusion, the signal pathway through which TIMP-3 induces MC3T3-E1 cell apoptosis, mediated by Fas and involves the p38 and ERK signal transduction pathways.