Recognizing emotion in faces: developmental effects of child abuse and neglect.

@article{Pollak2000RecognizingEI,
  title={Recognizing emotion in faces: developmental effects of child abuse and neglect.},
  author={Seth D. Pollak and Dante Cicchetti and Katherine Hornung and Alex Voice Reed},
  journal={Developmental psychology},
  year={2000},
  volume={36 5},
  pages={
          679-688
        }
}
The contributions to the recognition of emotional signals of (a) experience and learning versus (b) internal predispositions are difficult to investigate because children are virtually always exposed to complex emotional experiences from birth. The recognition of emotion among physically abused and physically neglected preschoolers was assessed in order to examine the effects of atypical experience on emotional development. In Experiment 1, children matched a facial expression to an emotional… 

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