Recognition of promoter DNA by subdomain 4.2 of Escherichia coli sigma 70: a knowledge based model of -35 hexamer interaction with 4.2 helix-turn-helix motif.


In Escherichia coli, subdomains 2.4 and 4.2 of the primary transcription factor sigma 70 are the most highly conserved regions and are responsible for the recognition of -10 and -35 promoter elements respectively. Mutational studies provide evidence to this end and indicate that the side chains of subdomain 4.2 make specific contacts with the nucleotides at… (More)


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