Recognition of mixed-sequence DNA duplexes: design guidelines for invaders based on 2'-O-(pyren-1-yl)methyl-RNA monomers.

Abstract

The development of agents that recognize mixed-sequence double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) is desirable because of their potential as tools for detection, regulation, and modification of genes. Despite progress with triplex-forming oligonucleotides, peptide nucleic acids, polyamides, and other approaches, recognition of mixed-sequence dsDNA targets remains challenging. Our laboratory studies Invaders as an alternative approach toward this end. These double-stranded oligonucleotide probes are activated for recognition of mixed-sequence dsDNA through modification with +1 interstrand zippers of intercalator-functionalized nucleotides such as 2'-O-(pyren-1-yl)methyl-RNA monomers and have recently been shown to recognize linear dsDNA, DNA hairpins, and chromosomal DNA. In the present work, we systematically studied the influence that the nucleobase moieties of the 2'-O-(pyren-1-yl)methyl-RNA monomers have on the recognition efficiency of Invader duplexes. Results from thermal denaturation, binding energy, and recognition experiments using Invader duplexes with different +1 interstrand zippers of the four canonical 2'-O-(pyren-1-yl)methyl-RNA A/C/G/U monomers show that incorporation of these motifs is a general strategy for activation of probes for recognition of dsDNA. Probe duplexes with interstrand zippers comprising C and/or U monomers result in the most efficient recognition of dsDNA. The insight gained from this study will drive the design of efficient Invaders for applications in molecular biology, nucleic acid diagnostics, and biotechnology.

DOI: 10.1021/jo402085v

Cite this paper

@article{Karmakar2013RecognitionOM, title={Recognition of mixed-sequence DNA duplexes: design guidelines for invaders based on 2'-O-(pyren-1-yl)methyl-RNA monomers.}, author={Saswata Karmakar and Dale C. Guenther and Patrick J Hrdlicka}, journal={The Journal of organic chemistry}, year={2013}, volume={78 23}, pages={12040-8} }