The nature of computer vision causes the fact that not only computer science researchers are interested in it, but neuroscientists and psychologists, too. One of the main interests for psychology is identification of person’s psychological traits and personality types which can be accomplished by different means of psychological testing: questionnaires, interviews, direct observations, etc. Though that is a general tendency of people to read character into a person’s physical form, especially face. In relation to psychological characteristics recognition, face provides researchers and psychologists with instrument of obtaining information about personality and psychological traits that would be much more objective than questionnaires and neuropsychological tests and could be obtained remotely using person’s facial portrait, with no need for personal involvement. The paper describes approaches to psychological characteristics recognition from facial image such as physiognomy, phase facial portrait, ophthalmogeometry, and explains the need in automating it.