Recognition Without Identification, Erroneous Familiarity, and Déjà Vu

@article{OConnor2010RecognitionWI,
  title={Recognition Without Identification, Erroneous Familiarity, and D{\'e}j{\`a} Vu},
  author={Akira R. O'Connor and Chris J A Moulin},
  journal={Current Psychiatry Reports},
  year={2010},
  volume={12},
  pages={165-173}
}
Déjà vu is characterized by the recognition of a situation concurrent with the awareness that this recognition is inappropriate. Although forms of déjà vu resolve in favor of the inappropriate recognition and therefore have behavioral consequences, typical déjà vu experiences resolve in favor of the awareness that the sensation of recognition is inappropriate. The resultant lack of behavioral modification associated with typical déjà vu means that clinicians and experimenters rely heavily on… 

Entropy, Amnesia, and Abnormal Déjà Experiences

Previous research has contrasted fleeting erroneous experiences of familiarity with equally convincing, and often more stubborn erroneous experiences of remembering. While a subset of the former

Déjà vu experiences in healthy subjects are unrelated to laboratory tests of recollection and familiarity for word stimuli

TLDR
It is suggested that déjà vu in the healthy population reflects a mismatch between errant memory signaling and memory monitoring processes not easily characterized by standard recognition memory task performance.

Many Faces of Déjà Vu: a Narrative Review.

TLDR
It seems that temporal region is the origin of déjà vu phenomena in both healthy individuals and in individuals with neurological and psychiatric conditions, but the exact mechanism of this phenomenon is however still unknown.

The awareness of novelty for strangely familiar words: a laboratory analogue of the déjà vu experience

TLDR
It is proposed that verifiable novelty is an important component of both naturalistic and experimental analogues of déjà vu, and aspects of the naturalistic déjaa vu experience were captured by this analogue, but that the analogue was also limited in its focus and prone to influence by demand characteristics.

Pathologies of hyperfamiliarity in dreams, delusions and déjà vu

The ability to challenge and revise thoughts prompted by anomalous experiences depends on activity in right dorsolateral prefrontal circuitry. When activity in those circuits is absent or compromised

Déjà vu and the feeling of prediction: an association with familiarity strength

TLDR
Though the present study was mainly descriptive in characterising the interrelations between déjà vu, feelings of prediction, and familiarity, the full pattern points toward the possibility that high familiarity intensity may contribute to the feeling of prediction during déjaa vu.

Déjà vu and prescience in a case of severe episodic amnesia following bilateral hippocampal lesions

TLDR
This study shows that déjà vu can occur in cases of amnesia with massively damaged hippocampi and confirms that the perirhinal region is a core region for déjé vu, using a different approach from previous reports.

Investigating the Role of Assessment Method on Reports of Déjà Vu and Tip-of-the-Tongue States during Standard Recognition Tests

TLDR
It is suggested that research on subjective experiences should move toward free report assessments, which would potentially reduce the presence of false alarms in experimental work, thereby reducing the overestimation of subjective experiences prevalent in this area of research.

The strange sensation of déjà vu: not so strange in temporal lobe epilepsy

  • C. Moulin
  • Psychology
    Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
  • 2013
TLDR
One area where deja vu has been studied consistently is temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and in the spirit of Hughlings Jackson, Warren-Gash and Zeman make an important contribution to this field.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 52 REFERENCES

A review of the déjà vu experience.

TLDR
Systematic research is needed on the prevalence and etiology of this culturally familiar cognitive experience, and several laboratory models may help clarify this illusion of recognition.

Déjà Vu Experiences Are Rarely Associated With Pathological Dissociation

TLDR
It is suggested that déjà vu experiences are unlikely to be core pathological dissociative experiences and best correlated with a model that included age, jamais vu, depersonalization, and precognitive dreams.

Can déjà vu result from similarity to a prior experience? Support for the similarity hypothesis of déjà vu

TLDR
This work used a variation of the recognition-without-recall method of studying familiarity to examine instances in which participants failed to recall a studied scene in response to a configurally similar novel test scene and found that resemblance to a previously viewed scene increased both feelings of familiarity and of déjà vu.

Déjà Vu in the Laboratory: A Behavioral and Experiential Comparison of Posthypnotic Amnesia and Posthypnotic Familiarity

TLDR
The findings of this experiment highlight the value of using hypnosis as a laboratory analogue of déjà vu and provide a framework for investigating clinical manifestations of this phenomenon.

Intense and recurrent déjà vu experiences related to amantadine and phenylpropanolamine in a healthy male

TLDR
It is suggested that déjà vu experiences may be provoked by increased dopamine activity in mesial temporal structures of the brain, which are related to paramnesic symptoms.

Neuroimaging and cognitive changes during déjà vu

...