Reciprocal allogrooming in impala, Aepyceros melampus

  title={Reciprocal allogrooming in impala, Aepyceros melampus
  author={Benjamin L Hart and Lynette A Hart (Geyer)},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
Abstract Adult female and male impala engage in a type of allogrooming in which partners alternately deliver bouts of oral grooming to the head and neck. These grooming encounters comprise typically six to 12 tit-for-tat-like exchanges of bouts and are highly reciprocal among adult females, adult bachelor males and subadult males. Although allogrooming among females could be between related individuals, that occurring among adult males would appear to be between unrelated individuals. Unlike… 
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