Receptor diversity in combination with receptor-receptor subtype specific interactions, which can be antagonistic or synergistic in character, markedly increase plasticity in WT and VT in the nervous system. In this way switching among transmission lines for the various DA receptor subtypes becomes possible. Some of these aspects are supported by our work on selective modulation of D2 receptors by CCK and NT. Selective regulation of D2 receptors via CCK-8 receptor subtypes and NT receptors may underlie CCK/DA interactions and NT/DA interactions in the basal ganglia. These studies underline the importance of receptor-receptor interactions exerted at the membrane level between neuropeptide receptors and D2 receptors, which are determined at least in part by the ongoing activity at D1 receptors. In the case of both CCK/D2 and NT/D2 receptor interactions, it has been possible, by means of intrastriatal and intraaccumbens microdialysis, to obtain a functional correlate to the receptor interactions found in the membrane preparations from the striatum. Schizophrenia may be in part related to reduced release of CCK and/or NT peptides or to alterations in their receptor interactions with the D2 receptor. This view may lead to new therapeutic approaches.