Recently identified postcranial remains of Paranthropus and early Homo from Swartkrans Cave, South Africa.

  title={Recently identified postcranial remains of Paranthropus and early Homo from Swartkrans Cave, South Africa.},
  author={Randall L. Susman and Darryl J. de Ruiter and Chas. K. Brain},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},
  volume={41 6},
Fifteen newly recognized hominid postcranials from Swartkrans are described here and compared with a sample of previously described early hominids, African apes and modern humans. Ten of the new specimens are from Member 1. Two are from Member 2 and three are from Member 3. Nine of the fossils are referred to Paranthropus, three to Homo, and three specimens cannot be assigned at present. The collection of hominid postcranials from Members 1-3 at Swartkrans now numbers more than 70 specimens… 

A comparative analysis of the hominin triquetrum (SKX 3498) from Swartkrans, South Africa

  • T. Kivell
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2011
Shared hominid-like morphology between SKX 3498 and Neanderthals suggests that both may retain the symplesiomorphic hominin form, but that functional differences compared to modern humans may be subtle.

First Partial Skeleton of a 1.34-Million-Year-Old Paranthropus boisei from Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

The morphology and size of its constituent parts suggest that the fossils derived from an extremely robust individual who, at 1.338±0.024 Ma (1 sigma), represents one of the most recent occurrences of Paranthropus before its extinction in East Africa.

Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

Homo naledi is a previously-unknown species of extinct hominin discovered within the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa. This species is characterized

Side steps: the erratic pattern of hominin postcranial change through time.




New hominid fossils from the Swartkrans formation (1979-1986 excavations): postcranial specimens.

  • R. L. Susman
  • Geography
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1989
Fossils that are assigned to Paranthropus indicate that the South African "robust" australopithecines engaged in tool behavior and were essentially terrestrial bipeds at around 1.8 Myr BP.

New Finds at the Swartkrans Australopithecine Site (contd): Two New Early Hominid Vertebrae from Swartkrans

Last week Dr C. K. Brain introduced the Swartkrans cave site and described some recent discoveries there. Dr J. T. Robinson now describes two hominid vertebrae which he suggests belonged to a

New Australopithecus femora from East Rudolf, Kenya

Body size and proportions in early hominids.

  • H. Mchenry
  • Environmental Science
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1992
These values appear to be consistent with the range of size variation seen in the entire postcranial samples that can be assigned to species, and probably those equations based on the human samples are better than those based on all Hominoidea.

Humeral outlines in some hominoid primates and in plio-pleistocene hominids.

  • B. Senut
  • Geography
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1981
A method of drawing outlines of the distal end of the humerus is presented and carried out on some pongids, on modern man, and on some casts of Plio-Pleistocene hominids, it appears that these outlines are good indicators of the overall morphology and permit the distinguishing of the different hominoids.

New first metatarsal (SKX 5017) from Swartkrans and the gait of Paranthropus robustus.

The fossil evidence suggests that Homo habilis and Paranthropus may have attained a similar grade of bipedality at roughly 1.8 m.y. BP, and the base, shaft, and head of SKX 5017 suggest human-like foot posture and a human- like range of extension at the hallucal metatarsophalangeal joint.

Fossil Homo femur from Berg Aukas, northern Namibia.

The proximal half of a hominid femur was recovered from deep within a paleokarst feature at the Berg Aukas mine, northern Namibia. The femur is fully mineralized, but it is not possible to place it

Species attribution of the Swartkrans member 1 first metacarpals: SK84 and SKX 5020.

Early hominid adaptive scenarios based on a derived Homo-like manual functional morphology in A. robustus remain without a secure paleontological basis.

A new pelvic fragment from Swartkrans and the relationship between the robust and gracile australopithecines.

  • H. Mchenry
  • Medicine
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1975
Results of this examination and metrical analysis indicate that the acetabulum and iliac blade of the early hominids are similar to Homo sapiens except for a unique pattern of traits that are very unlike any pongid.