Recent progress on hybrid silica-PLCs/LiNbO<inf>3</inf> modulator for advanced transmission formats


High-speed optical modulators with a hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuits and LiNbO<inf>3</inf> phase shifters are reviewed. Combining the advantages of the two components, the hybrid modulators offer high functionality and low optical losses with large electro-optic bandwidth. Using this technique, we have demonstrated a 40 Gb/s… (More)


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